This page serves as an index of what would normally be classified as fiction but excludes mythology, folklore and very old traditional tales which can be found here. Some series are in multiple media formats, but I am only listing them once each under the format of their original rendition where the rest of the formats are listed off. For instance, anime often have a source manga so if you cannot find something under the anime section check out manga. A great deal of content is originally published as a book series, a natural trend in media. I provide links to legal sources, which naturally applies to all public domain work.
Special traits include Arthurian, Tolkienesque, Shakespearean, fae main character, female main character, queer, nonviolent, dark, racy (lewd), "awakening" and "with a twist".
- Arthurian : Media based on the legends surrounding King Arthur. These legends have been influential since the Middle Ages and to some are a significant part of their spirituality. Le Mort d'Arthur, the standard-bearer for the legends, provides Britain with their own cultural epic. May involve the kingdom of Avalon, the city of Camelot, a quest for the Holy Grail and the Knights of the Round Table. Famous characters from Arthurian legend who may be found in such media include King Arthur himself, Merlin, Guinevere, Morgan le Fey and Sir Lancelot. Look for the grail icon.
- Tolkienesque : Media which has a significant influence from the Middle Earth series by J.R.R. Tolkien, especially Lord of the Rings.Tolkienesque inherits his interest in elves and dwarves, which hearkens back to Norse mythology, as well as often involving "orcs" which look similar to ogres. In particular, the elves are usually depicted as arrogant, aloof or isolationist but bearing the longest recorded history. A later development from Tolkien is how they are often split between "high elves", who typically have a breathtaking monarchical civilization and cultural accomplishments, and the "wood elves" who tend to stay in nature and have more rudimentary means. The dwarves tend to have a down-to-earth, possibly dour personality and be into mining and crafting. Both the elves and the dwarves tend to be honor-bound, but the elves are usually depicted as arrogant and the dwarves have an easier time bonding with humans due to their personality. Orcs or orc analogues, such as the Urgals from the Inheritance cycle, tend to be used as expendable "chaotic evil" mooks, but in games they may be playable. Goblins are usually treated as one-dimensional bogeymen similar to Orcs, but they are less likely to be playable in games. Trolls and ogres may pose an elevated threat to the heroes. Beyond that, there may be halflings or gnomes but it is rarer to find races such as merfolk, banshees, nymphs or even sprites. The fairies in these stories can be edgier and more genuinely serious than real life ones. Tolkienesque stories are often epic in scale and tend to follow the old, particularly Western mantra of "a story needs conflict" to a huge degree. Racism is often a theme of these works, ranging in severity from light rib-jabbing to massive war. These sorts of works were popular from the eighties to the early 2000s. Look for the ring icon.
- Shakespearean : Media based heavily in Shakespeare's plays. A Midsummer Night's Dream features the mischievous Puck, based on English folklore, and the king and queen of the fairies Oberon and Titania. There is a fae-like spirit in The Tempest, and the fairy queen Mab is mentioned in Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare was especially influential during the Romanticist period (1774-c. 1850). Look for the quill icon.
- Fairy lead : Fae have more often than not been side characters, but if you search for this you can find media where a fairy is the star.
- Female lead : Media tends to have male main characters unless it is more recent, where there is a higher chance for a female lead. Some people can have a hard time relating to or self-inserting as a male character, or just want to see a story from a female perspective, so this description will help you find works where a female is in the leading role. Look for the Venus icon.
- Queer : Media that has more diverse sexual, romantic or gender identity themes than conventional cis-heterosexuality. This has been hard to find until recently, unless you go back to Greek mythology. This will include the specific flavor e.g. bi, gay, trans etc. Look for the upside‑down triangle.
- Nonviolent : Media with no violence. I much prefer this sort of media myself. If you are not a fan of violence in media either or have PTSD triggers or such this may be useful. Look for the peace symbol.
- Dark : This is exceptionally dark media, which includes gratuitous violence and particularly twisted psychological content. Look for the skull.
- Racy : Lewd. If you want to avoid sex and nudity or to the contrary are actively seeking it out look for the flushed face.
- "Awakening" : Media wherein a character wakes up to the reality that they are a fairy. This is slightly more specific than just transforming into a fairy, as it is more like fae traits are activated from a latent part of their soul/DNA. These are often written by devoted fae scholars and/or incarnate fae, and the character is often a female lead and naturally wakes up as a fairy lead. Many of these works were made very recently. Look for the eye.
With a twist : A new rendition of a traditional tale. This was kicked off by the Fractured Fairy Tales episodes of Rocky and Bullwinkle and codified by Shrek, branching out into more works in the 2010s. The original tale can be found on the Mythology, Folklore and Traditional Tales page; this descriptor is for heavily altered renditions. They are often parodies. If these sorts of works were made in the 2010s the setting may change, and often the stakes are higher and the atmosphere darker. Look for the spiral.
As mythology, folklore and traditional tales tend to be ambiguous about how fictional they are and may be based on real events they are documented on a separate page.
Early Modern Fiction (c. 1500-1780 e.g. Elizabethan)
- The Faerie Queen by Edmund Spenser (First published in 1590, then later with books IV-VI in 1596)
- A Fairy Song, by William Shakespeare: A short poem.
- Fairy Tales (Les Contes des Fées) (1697) and New Tales, or Fairies in Fashion (Contes Nouveaux ou Les Fées à la Mode) (1698), by Madame d'Aulnoy: French written fairy tales. Actually, Madame d'Aulnoy was the one who popularized the term fairy tale (contes des fées). These tales are often in the form of conversations one would have at a salon.
- Fayerie- Fairies and fairyland in Tudor and Stuart Verse, compiled by John T. Cruse: A collection of early modern verse concerning fairies.
- Fairy Ballads & Fairy Rhymes, compiled by John T. Cruse: A complement to his book Fayerie, this goes into songs about fairies from the early modern period. Some songs were apparently created by fairies themselves!
- Journey to the West, by Wu Cheng'en (16th century): One of the most famous Chinese novels of all time and possibly the most popular book in East Asia. It dates to the Ming Dynasty, roughly Renaissance era in Western terms. The most famous character is probably Sun Wukong, the Monkey King. The story is an elaborated account of the legendary Buddhist monk Xuanzang's journey to the Western lands (Central Asia and India) to obtain certain sutras which happened during the Tang Dynasty. There are many fairy characters.
- The Rape of the Lock, by Alexander Pope (1717): Contains sylphs.
- Simplicius Simplicissimus, by Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen (1668): A picaresque novel starring a man appearing so simple that he didn't even know his own name. His adventures lead him to a merfolk kingdom. Considered the first German novel masterpiece, even before The Sorrows of Young Werther.
Romanticist Era (c. 1780-1860)
You can expect a couple of things from around this time in Europe, the United States and beyond. Romanticism is in general about experiencing sublime emotions which are difficult to describe, which the authors generally believe to have been suppressed since the Age of Reason. A connection to older times, especially ancient times and the Middle Ages, was in vogue and fueled nationistic sentiment as well. This period is also famous for gothic horror, the type which has a thick atmosphere. Idealistic heroes hearkening back to the ancient epics of Greece were common. Dying gloriously in battle could be seen as something to desire. The French Revolution can be seen as showing a blend of Age of Reason and Romanticist sentiment, while the later Napoleonic Wars were like a totally unmitigated real‑life manifestation of Romanticism. People said to have Romantic jobs besides being a soldier are archaologists, pirates, hunters, pioneers and cowboys.
The roots of Romanticism are in the Sturm und Drang (.
Storm and stress) movement, ushered in by philosopher Johann Georg Hamann and popularized in culture by the prose and poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, who made a stir with his novel The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774) and turned him into a celebrity overnight. There were even people throughout Europe dressing up as the protagonist in the
Werther Fever. Goethe is now considered Germany's national poet.
This was a period of remembering cultural roots, and not just from one's own territory. Archaeology exploded onto the scene. This was when excavations first became standardized by William Cunnington, and when the Rosetta stone was discovered by a soldier in Napoleon's Army (Pierre-François Bouchard) and then deciphered by Jean-François Champollion. The revival of interest in mythology included not only the Greco-Roman kind but also Egyptian, Norse, Celtic and in some circles Hindu. Orientalism was a significant trend which involved interest in cultures East of Europe, especially Middle-Eastern. This can be seen in the popularity of A Thousand and One Nights with characters such as Aladdin, Sinbad and Ali Baba. Orientalism also made its way into art, architecture and even sexual fantasy (e.g. harems).
This is relevant for fae in media as William Shakespeare receives his cultural apotheosis during this time which popularized Puck, Titania and Oberon. The revival of Norse mythology brought up dwarves and elves, later inspiring Tolkien. Celtic mythology and folklore, naturally, opens its vast varieties of fairy people into the minds of enthusiasts and become more well-known in the later Victorian period. The Middle East lends its lore of Djinn to the people living west. You can expect to see a story where a character is in a dream with the fairies, possibly caused by opium. Alfred Lord Tennyson was notable for his interest in Arthurian legend. Charles Nodier has made a few stories including a whole novel involving fae, but his popularity is generally kept to the Francophone sphere.
I have a particular soft spot for this period of culture and feel that I probably had one of my human lives back then.
Poetry was a predominant form of expression in the Age of Romanticism. After all, poetry tends to be about feelings and Romanticism is all about stirring up indescribable emotional states.
- Alice Brand, by Sir Walter Scott (1810, published as part of the narrative poem Lady of the Lake): A rather concise ballad involving an elven king and a changeling.
- Avalon , by Thomas Holley Chivers: Arthurian.
- The Culprit Fay, by Joseph Rodman Drake (1835)
- Cúirt An Mheán Oíche (The Midnight Court), by Brian Merriman (c. 1780, published in 1850)
- The Erl-King, by Goethe (1782): A display of the legend of the Erl-King as a psychopomp.
- Fairyland, by Edgar Allan Poe (1829): One of Poe's mystical, rarefied works that may have been composed while drunk knowing him.
- Goblin Market, by Christina Rossetti (composed in 1859, published in 1862)
- Idylls of the King , by Alfred Lord Tennyson (started in 1859, published later into 1885): A narrative of the story of King Arthur made into twelve narrative poems.
- Phra Aphai Mani, by Sunthorn Phu (1844): A very long epic Thai poem about a merman prince, Phra Aphai Mani, and a female yak that can turn into a beautiful girl. This poem took 22 years to complete. Was made into a cel-shaded animated film in 1979 (The Adventure of Sudsakorn), a 2006 live action film (Legend of Sudsakorn), and a comic series from 2001-2006 which was the first Thai comic to be sold in foreign markets (Apaimanee Saga, by Supot A). All of this media was created in Thailand.
- Poems collection, by Alfred Lord Tennyson (1842): Includes The Lady of Shalott and Sir Galahad .
- The Princess, by Alfred Lord Tennyson (1847)
- An Opium Fantasy, by Maria White Lowell: Maria White Lowell was the wife of James Russell Lowell, one of the Fireside Poets, and made some poetry of her own.
- The work of Hans Christian Anderson, who made 3,381 stories in total. Particularly famous ones include The Little Mermaid, Thumbelina, The Princess and the Pea and The Snow Queen.
- La Fée aux Miettes, conte fantastique (English: The Crumb Fairy, by Charles Nodier (1832): A satirical fairy tale taking place in Scotland created by a French author famous for writing an early fantasy story entitled Smarra, ou les Démons de la Nuit, conte fantastique (1821), which is based on his dreams involving a vampire.
- The Rose and the Ring, by William Makepeace Thackaray (1854): A short work satirizing the attitudes of royalty and aristocracy. Has a character called the Fairy Blackstick.
- Undine, by Freiherr de Friedrich de la Motte-Fouqué (1811): A novella. Arthur Rackham eventually made illustrations for this.
Relatively recent publication (c. 1860-present)
These series can make their way to all different media, but the foundation is in literature and will be described here.
The earlier part of the modern period experienced a golden age of children's literature involving magical worlds, including the seminal Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll (1865, with Through the Looking Glass coming out in 1871) and a particularly fertile period around the turn of the century, including L. Frank Baum's series The Wizard of Oz (1900). With magical worlds and children fairies would naturally make their way in. Medieval fantasy and specifically "Tolkienesque" work warrants its own section, and was mostly made between the eighties and the early 2000s. Later on urban fantasy becomes popular, and in the 2010s traditional tales "with a twist" become a trend (usually meaning it is edgier or the scope is more epic). Eventually as time goes on there is more likely to be a female main character and/or feminist perspective.
By the 2010s an underground trend that slowly, steadily gains traction is of devoted pagans, incarnate fae and/or believers in fae making deeply personal fairy fiction alongside nonfiction books concerning fae or spiritual practice. These are often in the urban fantasy genre, and would generally be bought off Amazon.
Juvenile Golden Age (1865-c. 1925)
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865) kicked off a movement of children's literature which was based on empathy and imagination instead of moralism, while literacy increased and printing became more affordable. Some famous books and series besides Alice in Wonderland include the Wizard of Oz series by L. Frank Baum (1900-1920, the last two books posthumously published), Peter Pan and the increasingly well-known Little Baron Trump series by Ingersoll Lockwood (1887-1893), which is a real-life synchronicity riddle. I am not including Pinocchio (Carlo Colloti, 1883) due to its obvious moralism, but that story came from this period as well. Many prominent fairy artists drew illustrations for these books. This literary movement's focus on fae was well underway even before the Cottingley Fairies event in 1917. Originals can be very rare and valuable. Consider reading them for your kid(s) if you are a parent.
- Among the Fairies, by Ethel Jackson Morris (1909)
- Blossom: A Fairy Story, by Ida Rentoul Outhwaithe (1928)
- Book of Brownies, by Enid Blyton (1926): Enid Blyton was an extremely successful author who was so prolific that she was even accused of having an army of ghost writers. She wrote most of her publications later in the mid century. Over 600 million books have been sold and she still retains a following to this day.
- Brownies and Bogles, by Louise Imogen Guiney (1888)
- A Bunch of Wild Flowers, by Ida Rentoul Outhwaithe (1933)
- Bunny and Brownie: The Adventures of George and Wiggle, by Ida Rentoul Outhwaithe (1930)
- A Christmas Party for Santa Claus, by Ida M. Huntington (1912)
- Elves and Fairies, by Annie R. Rentoul (author) and Ida Rentoul Outhwaithe (illustrator) (1916)
- The Enchanted Bird, by Antoinette de Coursay Patterson (1917)
- The Enchanted Forest, by Ida Rentoul Outhwaithe (1921)
- The Enchanted Wood, by Enid Blyton (1939)
- The Fairy Changeling, by Harriet Prescott Spofford (1910)
- Fairy's Album, released by Cassell and Company Ltd., c. 1892
- Fairyland, by Ida Rentoul Outhwaithe (1926)
- Fairy Rings, by Edith Howes (1911)
- The Fairies' Festival, by John Wilt Randall (1895)
- The Fairy Who Believed in Human Beings, written and illustrated by Gertrude Alice Kay (1918)
- Five Children and It, by Edith Nesbit (1902): The series has stayed in print ever since its publication. An anime came out called Onegai! Samia-don (おねがい!サミアどん) (1985-1986). In 1991 the BBC turned it into a six-part television series, which is called by its original name in Britain but released under the title The Sand Fairy in the United States. A film was released in 2004, directed by John Stephenson. A stage musical adaptation was completed by Timothy Knapman (music) and Philip Godfrey (music/lyrics) in 2016. In 2018 an animated adapation was released called The Psammy Show. A comic was made out of it by Henry Seabright.
- Friendly Fairies, by Johnny Gruelle (1919): By the creator of Raggedy Ann.
- Gum Tree Brownie and other Faerie Folk of the Never Never, by Tarella Quin (writer) and Ida Rentoul Outhwaite (illustrator) (1907)
- In Fairyland Again, by Louey Chisholm (compiler) and Katharine Cameron (illustrator)
- The Little Fairy Sister, by Annie R. Rentoul and Ida Rentoul Outhwaithe (1923)
- The Little Green Road to Fairyland, by Annie R. Rentoul and Ida Rentoul Outhwaithe (1922)
- The Little House in the Fairy Wood, by Ethel Cook Eliot (writer) and Mabel Hatt (illustrator) (1918): The writer was T.S. Eliot's grandmother. In fact, the entire Eliot family line has had a history with books and writing. Ethel Cook Eliot also wrote a well-renowned fantasy novel called The Wind Boy (1923).
- The Moon Fairy, by Dan Crow (1922)
- My Very Own Fairy Stories, by Johnny Gruelle (1917)
- Peg's Fairy Book, by Peg Maltby (1945): A book which came out later than the main movement.
- Really True Fairy Stories, by Helen Smith Woodruff (1915): Woodruff is from Alabama, and uses local dialect from there in her writing.
- Sandman Twilight Stories, by Abbie Phillips Walker (1918)
- The Sentry and the Shell Fairy, by Ida Rentoul Outhwaithe (1924): Has a sister publication called Jean and the Shell Fairy which is even harder to find.
- The Stick Books series
- The Sun's Babies, by Edith Howes (1911)
- Told by a Child: The Story of the Wah‑Wu‑Loos, by Rea Schimpeler (1903)
- A Trip to Fairyland, by Jane Phillips Conkey (writer) and Will Carqueville (illustrator) (1905)
- The Wind Fairies, by Elizabeth Brennan (writer) and Naomi Heather (illustrator)
- The Wish Fairy and Dewey Dear, by Alice Ross Colver (1922)
- Wonderwings and Other Fairy Stories, by Edith Howes (writer) and Alice Polson (illustrator) (1921)
- The World Beautiful, by Herbert Lampe (1921)
These books are the codifiers of the modern fantasy genre and set tropes which dominate depictions of the fair folk to this day, particularly elves and dwarves. Tolkien's Middle Earth is so influential that works particularly under his influence are a subgenre in itself. The fantastical elements themselves could be said to have been stirred up earlier by Gothic literature in the Romantic period, but back then the works would more likely feature demons and vampires. Bear in mind that the legends of King Arthur are still very relevant for fae literature in the modern period as well.
- The Fates of the Princes of Dyfed, by Kenneth Morris (1914): An adaptation of The Mabinogion.
- The King of Elfland's Daughter, by Lord Dunsany (1924): Considered the first modern fantasy novel.
- The Middle Earth series by J.R.R. Tolkien : These comprise of The Hobbit (1938) , The Lord of the Rings trilogy (Written between 1937-1949 and released between 1954-1955), and The Silmarillion which is based off Tolkien's collection of writings called the Legendarium(posthumously published in 1971). Tolkien has also thought up entire languages and writing systems spoken by elves, orcs, gnomes etc. which you can go here for if you are interested. Peter Jackson's landmark Lord of the Rings were filmed for years in the nineties and released between 2001-2003. An earlier adult animated movie by Ralph Bakshi was made in 1978. Many video games came out of the series, including the Battle of Middle Earth online RTS series (running between 2004-2010), many series by EA (The Two Towers  and Return of the King  hack-and-slashes and The Third Age RPG  and Tactics [2009, for the PSP]), the Lord of the Rings Online MMORPG (2007), Conquest (Pandemic, 2009) Aragorn's Quest (Headstrong, 2010), War in the North (Snowblind, 2011), the Guardians of Middle Earth online battle arena game (2012-present) and a Lego game (Traveller's Tale, 2014). The White Council is also EA vaporware put on indefinite hiatus in 2007. There is a board game from the year 2000 (Kosmos). A tabletop miniature game was released in 2001 (Middle Earth Strategy Battle Game, by Games Workshop). An out of print trading card game started being published by Decipher in 2001, and a cooperative card game was released in 2011 (Fantasy Flight). A tabletop RPG came out in 2002 (Decipher). A pinball game came out in 2003. A musical theater production of the series was performed between 2006-2008, with music by A.R. Rahman. Four radio series were produced, one by BBC in 1955, another by NPR in 1979, the third by BBC as well in 1981 and the fourth broadcast on German radio stations SDR and WDR (Derr Herr der Ringe). A symphony based on the series by Johan de Meij premiered in 1988. A trilogy of movies based on The Hobbit but altered noticeably from the original were released between 2012-2014. An animated movie of The Hobbit came out in 1977, created by Rankin/Bass and animated by Topcraft (a precursor to Studio Ghibli). Two more obscure Hobbit movies to be found are a short animated clip from Czechoslovakia (1967) and a children's show from the USSR (1985). A Hobbit text adventure game for the ZX Spectrum came out in 1982. A platformer game came out in 2003. A Lego Hobbit game was released in 2014 based on the blockbuster Hobbit movies.
- The Worm Ourobouros, by E.R. Eddison (1922): Written adeptly in 16th century English, the author's skill being credited to his translation work of old texts.
Modern Medieval Fantasy
Modern medieval fantasy was really kicked off by hippies who got into Lord of the Rings. They even had their own proto-meme ("Frodo lives!"). A very popular type of modern medieval fantasy is called Tolkienesque.
There is a noticeable uptick in fantasy publications after the popularization of the Dungeons and Dragons roleplaying system. Influenced by LOTR and first published in 1974 under the inspiration of the miniature game Chainmail, it soon took off in the eighties. It is not uncommon for series to simply play out the world or entire campaign of a group of players using this system. The momemtum for fantasy was kept up by Peter Jackson's Lord of the Rings movies (made in the nineties and released as a trilogy between 2001 and 2003), which spared little expense and swept the Academy Awards.
This genre is considered part of a more general category called speculative fiction which includes other large sub-genres, the most well-known being science fiction, horror and the 'punks but also with more niche ones such as slipstream, bizarro fiction and
two-fisted tales. This type of fiction focuses on the setting and what a world or society could be like, sometimes even losing the focus on fundamental themes such as gained wisdom and romance. Speculative fiction has a rich body of older literature from pulp magazines, called pulp fiction. It is common for fantasy writers to publish fiction in other sub-categories of the speculative genre.
Arthurian fantasy is still around, but often with a feminist perspective. Marion Zimmer Bradley popularized this with The Mists of Avalon in the eighties.
Judith Tarr released a series with a male fae lead in the eighties, The Hound and the Falcon. Sarah J. Maas later created notably popular series with female fae leads, starting at the beginning of the Convergence Era (2012).
- A Fada Oriana or The Fairy Oriana in English, by Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen (1958): A landmark Portuguese children's book.
- The Adventurers Guild, by Zach Loren Clark (2017-2019)
- Aegle and the Elf: A Fantasy, by M.B.M. Toland (1887)
- Aidan of Oren: The Elf Princess, by Alan St. Jean (author) and Judith Freeman (illustrator) (2006)
- An Elf's Adventure, by C.M. Morgan (2004): Obscure.
- The Artemis Fowl series, by Eoin Colfer (2001-2012)
- The Bargainer series, by Laura Thalassa (2016-2018): A series about a siren by an author whose even has a maritime last name.
- The Belgariad series and its sequal the Mallorean series, by David Eddings (1982-1992)
- Bij de Elfen (English: With the Elves, by Wim Kroeskop: Dutch.
- Bitterbynde trilogy, by Cecilia Darn-Thornton (2001-2003)
- "The Child That Went with the Fairies", by Sheridan Le Fanu, from the magazine All the Year Round (February 1870)
- The Chronicles of Narnia, by C.S. Lewis (1950-1956)
- The Chronicles of Prydain, by Lloyd Alexander (1964-1968): A bildungsroman pentalogy based on The Mabinogion. An animated dark fantasy movie loosely based on it called The Black Cauldron was released by Disney in 1985.
- A Court of Thorns and Roses , by Sarah J. Maas (2015-present)
- Darby O'Gill and the Good People, by Herminie Templeton Cavanaugh (1901-1902, 1926): A collection of short stories about leprechauns by a British writer with Irish heritage. The stories were made into a live action Disney movie called Darby O'Gill and the Little People in 1959 directed by Robert Stevenson, produced by Bill Anderson and Walt Disney and starring Albert Sharpe, Janet Munro, Sean Connery and Jimmy O'Dea.
- Dragon Raja (드래곤 라자), by Lee Yeongdo (1997-present): The series which is credited for popularizing the fantasy genre in Korea. It was first published on a forum and then picked up to be released in paperback after it exploded in popularity on the forum. The elves are represented by the character Iruril as a race living in complete harmony, while the dwarves are represented by Axelhand Eindelf. It is currently being translated into English for release in America. There is an MMORPG that was released in 2000 which features art in the manhwa style. The Korean servers shut down in 2011, but the English ones are still up. A mobile RPG was released in 2004, which is rather early by American standards. Illustrated novels by Eiji Kaneda were released in Japan, and a comic book series was created by Son Bong-gyu. An 83-episode radio drama played on KBS Radio's Fantasy Express in 2001.
- Ella Enchanted , by Gail Carson Levine (1997): A parody of Cinderella. A loosely-based romantic comedy movie under the same title came out in 2004. "With a twist".
- Die Elfen (English: The Elves), by Bernhard Hennen (2004-2009): German.
- Felicity Wishes , by Emma Thomson (2007): Children's books and magazines. Fairy lead. Female lead.
- The Garrett, P.I. series, by Glen Cook (1987-20130: Chandleresque "Fantasy Noir", currently standing at twelve novels.
- The Halfblood Chronicles a.k.a. Elvenbane, by Mercedes Lackey and Andre Norton (1991-present but delayed): A world dominated by elves, with dragons and wizards. Three books released so far with a fourth delayed apparently due to the death of Andre Norton.
- The Hound and the Falcon series, by Judith Tarr (1985-1986): A trilogy set during the crusades with a male elf as the main character. Fairy lead.
- Kingdoms of Elfin , by Sylvia Townsend Warner (Anthology from 1977 of short stories published in the seventies): This is a collection of short stories by Warner of which most were published in The New Yorker. Takes place in fairy realms and haunts such as Elfhame, Brocéliande, Bury St. Edmunds etc.
- The Majyk by Accident series, by Esther Freisner (1993)
- Memory, Sorrow, and Thorn, by Tad Williams (1988-1993): Features an immortal elf analogue race called the Sithi, as well as troll analogues the Qurac. A well-acclaimed and straightforward monomythical story whose hero starts out as a lowly kitchen scullion. Influenced George R.R. Martin, creator of the massively successful A Song of Ice and Fire series, as well as Christopher Paolini, author of The Inheritance Trilogy.
- Mermaid: A Twist on the Classic Tale , by Carolyn Turgeon (2011): Based on The Little Mermaid. "With a twist".
- The Merman's Children , by Poul Anderson (1979): Inspired by Danish merfolk myth, this follows the story of a kingdom of merfolk retreating from the world due to Christianity and their noisy churchbells.
- Malazan, Book of the Fallen, by Steven Erikson (1999-2011): High fantasy series known for its length and rambling historical delivery. Based on a D&D campaign world, then modified by the GURPS system. Tolkienesque in scope but the author consciously sidesteps the influence of Tolkien.
- The Moorchild , by Eloise McGraw (1996): A children's novel about a changeling.
- The Nightrunner series, by Lynn Flewelling (1996-present)
- Owned by the Elf , by Mina Carter (2017): An erotic story about a woman captured by a burly, dominant male elf. This author has a great deal of paranormal erotica of this flavor.
- Prince of Annwn and the greater Mabinogion Tetralogy by Evangeline Walton (c. 1930s, last book confirmed to come out in 1936): Based on The Mabinogion. The first book that came out was The Island of the Mighty, which sold poorly and so consequently the other books weren't published. That is, until Ballantine Books rediscovered them and released them in the seventies.
- The Red Knight Chronicles, by Ray Morand (2004-2013)
- Roverandom, by J.R.R. Tolkien (1925): The adventures of a young dog, which involves merfolk. Not published until 1998.
- The Shadowmarch series, by Tad Williams (2004-2010): Four book high fantasy series. Has a fascinating fae-like people called the Qar which is about as diverse as actual fae, as well as other races including a couple which the book pans to the perspective of for set chapters of the series.
- Ruin Mist Chronicles series, by Robert Stanek (2002-2005): Considered a very bad but highly marketed high fantasy series. Involves elves.
- Secrets of Droon series, by Tony Abbott (1999-2010): Children's fantasy series. The Tower of the Elf King and Flight of the Genie are more specifically centered on fae.
- The Sleeping Beauty Quartet , by Anne Rice (1983-2015): A set of four erotic novels by Anne Rice under the nom de plume A.N. Roquelaure. The story is loosely based on Sleeping Beauty. Anne Rice is well-known for her vampire books but also erotica, a category this series would fall under.
- Shrek!, by William Steig (1990): Yes, the world-famous ogre and greater series originates from a book over ten years before the first movie was released in 2001. The name
Shrek is based on the Yiddish word שרעק, which is a cognate with the German word
Schreck which means fright. This character has remained as popular as ever thanks to nostalgia and internet meme culture. Four movies came out between 2001 and 2010. There is also the Christmas special Shrek the Halls (2007) and Scared Shrekless (2010). A spin-off film Puss in Boots was published in 2011. A Broadway theater rendition was performed between 2008-2010. Dozens of video games exist, being made since the year the movie came out. Two Netflix series starring the breakout character Puss in Boots were released, one between 2015-2018 and the other in 2017, which was Netflix's first attempt at interactive television.
- Spindle's End, by Robin McKinley (2000): A novel with an altered version of the more traditional takes on Sleeping Beauty where the princess is raised in a village, has a more masculine air and takes more initiative.
- Spinning Silver , by Naomi Novik (2018): An altered rendition of the tale of Rumpelstiltskin.
- Tales of the Five Hundred Kingdoms, by Mercedes Lackey (2004-2014)
- Throne of Glass series, by Sarah J. Maas (2012-2018): A seven‑high fantasy story about an assassin.
- The Witcher series, by Andrzej Sapkowski (1993-2013): Polish, and heavy into the local Polish folklore. Has elves but the main character is a pragmatic human. Has a comic book series from 1993-1995 and another from 2013-present. Two works based on it calledThe Hexer came out in a 2001 film and a 2002 TV series. A tabletop RPG came out in 2001. A famous video game series of it has three entries and were released between 2007 and 2016. Two card games came out in 2007 with two digital spinoffs from 2018. A board game in physical and digital form was first released in 2014.
- The Xanth series, by Piers Anthony (1977-present): A cult classic high fantasy line with a massive number of books (over forty) known for its silliness, especially based on puns. The setting harbors elves, fauns, goblins, merfolk, nymphs, ogres and naga as well as other races such as the curse fiends.
Works based in Dungeons & Dragons are usually Tolkienesque given Tolkien's influence on D&D which makes his work sort of like a conceptual grandfather.
- Bored of the Rings , by The Harvard Lampoon (1969): A parody of Lord of the Rings based on the countercultural fanbase of the books at the time. Tolkienesque.
- Dragonlance: A shared universe for multiple writers which became married to the D&D franchise. There are over a hundred books that take place in its world, the land of Krynn.
- Elves series, by James Barclay (2010-2013)
- Half-Elf Chronicles, by J.T. Williams (2016-2018)
- The Inheritance Cycle by Christopher Paolini (2002-2011): A popular tetralogy that rings similar to Star Wars but with a medieval fantasy setting focusing on dragons. The main character is transformed into an elf, which I was mysteriously excited for while reading the part in middle school. There are also dwarves and an orc analogue, the Urgals. A movie came out in 2006, directed by Stefan Fangmeier, with an accompanying hack-and-slash video game the same year. Tolkienesque
- The Legend of Asahiel , by Eldon Thompson (2005-2008): Tolkienesque.
- Record of Lodoss War (1988-1993, but with newer adaptatios and spinoffs coming out more recently): A Japanese fantasy book series based on a D&D campaign. Known for its OVA from 1990-1991. Has an elven character. Has many video games, the first one coming out for the PC-98 in 1988. Has many manga series which came out between 1991 and 2000 and from 2013-2015 (The Grey Witch), as well as a novel series from 1998-2006. Tolkienesque.
- Reign of the Dark Elves series, by Andrew G. Wood (2017-2018): Humans are oppressed by dark elves. Can Liana and Ari liberate them from servitude? Three books.
- The Riftwar Cycle , by Raymond E. Feist (1982-2013): Massive thirty-count high fantasy series. Tolkienesque.
- Shannara, by Terry Brooks (1977-present): Set on a post-apocalyptic which is our own. Rather well-known. A television series was created and aired between 2016-2017.
- The Sundering , by Jacqueline Carey (2004-2005): A duet. Tolkienesque.
- The War Gods series, by David Weber (1995-1999): Sword-and-sorcery.
- The World of the Alfar series, by Elizabeth H. Boyer (1980-1989): A human leads a group of bumbling elves to defeat a sorcerer and an army of dark elves. Heavily influenced by Norse mythology. Has a humorous tone.
- The Chronicles of the Imaginarium Geographica , by James A. Owen (2006-2013): Arthurian.
- A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court , by Mark Twain (1866): A yankee engineer receives a blow to the head and is transported to the time and realm of King Arthur. It is a time travel story that came many years before The Time Machine by H.G. Wells (1895). Arthurian.
- Arthur Rex , by Thomas Berger (1978): Arthurian.
- Daughter of Tintagel a.k.a. Morgan le Fay by Fay Sampson (1989-1992): A historical fantasy about Morgan le Fay. Arthurian. Female lead.
- Down the Long Wind series, by Gillian Bradshaw (1980-1982): A bildungsroman taking place during the time of King Arthur. Arthurian.
- A Dream of Eagles series, by Jack Whyte (1992-2005): A nine-book series. Arthurian.
- Grailquest , by J.H. Brennan (1984-1987): A gamebook series, otherwise known as choose-your-own-adventure. Arthurian.
- The Guinevere trilogy, by Persia Woolley (1987-1993): An Arthurian series focusing on Guinevere's perspective. Arthurian. Female lead.
- Gwenhwyfar , by Mercedes Lackey (2009): Based on Guinevere's (or Gwenhwyfar's) perspective. Arthurian. Female lead.
- The Lantern Bearers , by Rosemary Sutcliff (1957): Arthurian.
- The Merlin Saga , by T.A. Barron (1996-2011): This can be divided between the Lost Years of Merlin books and the Great Tree of Avalon ones. Arthurian.
- The Lyonesse trilogy, by Jack Vance (1983-1989): The inspiration for the default magical system in Dungeons & Dragons. Arthurian.
- Merlin's Godson series, by H. Warner Munn (c. 1930s): A series discovered and published by Ballantine Books later in the seventies. The author published work in the famous pulp magazine Weird Tales and was a friend of H.P. Lovecraft. Arthurian.
- The Mists of Avalon and the greater Avalon series, by Marion Zimmer Bradley (1983): Arthurian, with Morgan le Fey as the main character. The book was extended into a series in 1993 and went for six more books up to 2009. Adapted into a TV series in 2001.
- The Once and Future King by T.H. White (1958): Based off and expansive upon shorter works from 1938-1940. One of the more prominent renditions of the times of King Arthur. Arthurian.
- The Pendragon Cycle , by Stephen R. Lawhead (1987-1999): Arthurian.
- Porius: A Romance of the Dark Ages , by John Cowper Powys (1951): Bases itself on both Arthurian legend and Welsh mythology. Arthurian.
- The Shining Company , by Rosemary Sutcliff (1990): Retells the story of the Y Goddodin. Arthurian.
- The Sword and the Circle and the greater Arthurian Trilogy, by Rosemary Sutcliff (1979-1981): Arthurian.
- The Twilight Court series, by Amy Sumida (2015-2018)
- Sword at Sunset , by Rosemary Sutcliff (1963): Arthurian.
- The Warlord Chronicles , by Bernhard Cornwell (1995-1997): Arthurian.
- The Wizard Knight series, by Gene Wolfe (2004): Draws heavily from Norse mythology, but also Arthurian legend and Judeo‑Christianity. The setting is established as a tiered world similar to Yggdrasil which includes giants and diminutive elemental beings called Aelfs.
I am marking urban fantasy/elfpunk as a setting between anything equivalent to or inspired by the Age of Reason (c. 1650) up to the present day.
Urban fantasy does not have to be in a city per se, however it should be admitted that having a rural setting makes the term jarring and perhaps apt for replacement one day.
Elfpunk is hardly distinguishable from urban fantasy if it strictly has fairies, although a
punk genre isn't really itself without being subversive, low living and/or cynical so this word might have limited use for us. These started getting more popular in the eighties. The scope of these books tends to be smaller, although there may be a more epic scope in the Otherworld. There is often mystery. A Victorian setting is far more likely to have vampires and werewolves instead, so there is not very much fae media involving the setting. Holly Black is a prolific writer in this genre whose books are about fae. Sarah J. Maas has Works such as American Gods and the Percy Jackson series are incredibly popular.
Many of the series in the early 2000s have female main characters who could be considered
edgy and/or there is a love interest character that
wants her dead at first. This was probably a sign of the times when emo culture and Twilight was in, or earlier when we had Marilyn Manson and edgy Square Enix villains (not to mention Shadow the Hedgehog). These stories further trailblazed for mainstream series with female protagonists. However, if those types of characters were portrayed now one could expect a skeptical feminist perspective to be heard that the character is
acting like a guy in a girl's body, not to mention being in an abusive relationship if the love interest
wants her dead.
awakening stories are often found in the urban fantasy genre, and tend to be made more recently.
- Alex Craft series, by Kalayna Price (2010-present)
- Albion Awake!, by John T. Cruse (c. 2018): Involves William Blake, a queen of the fairies and alternate politics.
- American Gods, by Neil Gaiman (2001): Has a massive following and probably responsible for more than a few new pagans. Has a few fae
gods such as Gwydion and Hinzelmann. A new
preferred text edition came out in 2011. Dark Horse has a comic series of it and a TV show started in 2017.
- Between the Worlds series, by Morgan Daimler (2015): A fiction series by a notable fae scholar and pagan practitioner.
- Big Kiev (Russian: Большой Киев), by Vladimir Vasilyev (1997-2009): A Russian series inhabited by many races including elves featuring a technomage society inspired by Ukraine which has robots with animal-like consciousness.
- The Darkest Part of the Forest, by Holly Black (2015)
- Dark Swan series, by Richelle Mead (2008-2011)
- The Derrick, by John T. Cruse (2017): A story aimed at children set in Dorset involving fairy gold
- The Discworld series, by Terry Pratchett: A world where things manifest when people believe in them, which includes dwarves. A famous series known for its humor and subversiveness.
- The Devices trilogy, by Philip Purser-Hallard (2014-2016): Arthurian.
- The Dowser series, by Meghan Ciana Doidge (2013-2018)
- The Elder Queen, by John T. Cruse (c. 2016): A supernatural tale based in Cornwall with a love triangle and an environmental theme.
- The Elemental Masters series, by Mercedes Lackey (1995-present): Involves elemental fae and popular fairy tales.
- Emily Windsnap series, by Liz Kessler (author) and Sarah Gibb (illustrator) (2003-present): A rather long-running childrens' series about a half-mermaid. Expanded into a series after an editor saw potential in a poem that Kessler wrote about a "little girl who lived on a boat but had a big secret".
- Fablehaven series, by Brandon Mull (2006-2010)
- The Fae Chronicles by Amelia Hutchins (2013-present): A mystery series.
- Faery Rebels series a.k.a. No Ordinary Fairy tale, by R.J. Anderson (2009-2011)
- Faerie Tale, by Raymond E. Feist (1988)
- Faeriewalker series, by Jenna Black (2010-2011)
- FernGully, by Diana Young (1992): A book about sprites protecting the rainforest, with a logger shrunk down to their size. Was adapted into an animated film, FernGully: The Last Rainforest, the same year as the book's publication which was directed by Bill Kroyer featuring voice acting by Jonathan Ward, Samantha Mathis, Tim Curry, Christian Slater and Robin Williams. A sequal direct-to-video film was released in 1998, FernGully 2: The Magical Rescue, but features none of the original voice actors.
- Fever series, by Karen Marie Moning (2006-present)
- Folk of the Air series, by Holly Black (2018-2019)
- Gossamer Axe, by Gaèl Baudino (1990)
- Grey Griffins series, by Derek Benz and J.S. Lewis (2006-present): Arthurian.
The King of the Elves (?), by Philip K. Dick (1953): By the highly acclaimed, eccentric author of Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?, Ubik and Man in the High Castle. This is a short story of a gas station owner in Colorado who suddenly gets involved with elves. Arguably an awakening story.
- Ingo series, by Helen Dunmore (2006-2012): A merfolk series with five books. The original tetralogy was released between 2005-2008, while the last book has a different main character and came out in 2012.
- Into the Drowning Deep , by Mira Grant (2017): A horror novel about a sonar specialist trying to prove the existence of mermaids. Focuses on the Mariana Trench.
- Into the Mists series, by Serene Conneeley (2014-2015): Created by a devoted mermaid scholar.
- Into the Storm trilogy, by Serene Conneeley (2017-2019)
- The Iron Fey series, by Julie Kagawa (2010-present)
- The Iron King , by Julie Kagawa (2010): Arthurian.
- Jonathan Strange and Mr. Norrell (2004) and the greater Raven King oevre, by Susanna Clarke (2004): Johnathan Strange and Mr. Norrell is by far the most famous and has its own Netflix series which came out in 2015. It is set in an alternate history of the Napoleonic Wars and Ms. Clarke shows her impressive grasp on 19th century English. There is a rather believable unseelie court element. Neo-Romanticist, fitting for the time of the Napoleonic Wars. A notable earlier collection of fairy tales in the series is The Ladies of Grace Adieu (1996), which is written in a feminist lens.
- Keeper , by Kathi Appelt (2010): A story about a girl searching for her mermaid mother.
- The Leaf Men and the Brave Good Bugs , by William Joyce (1996): A series about little people who protect the forest, in a way nature spirit analogues. A play premiered at the Strand Theatre in Shreveport in 1998. A 3D animated movie by Blue Sky Productions loosely based on the book called epic was released in 2013.
- Little, Big: or, The Fairies' Parliament, by John Crowley (1981)
- Mercy Thompson series, by Ellen Datlow (2006-present): This series is about a Volkswagen mechanic living in the Tri-cities area of Washington who can turn into a coyote at will. She is surrounded by supernatural creatures including werewolves, vampires and of course fae.
- Merry Gentry , by Laurell K. Hamilton (2000-2014): A series about a fairy princess turned private detective.
- MythAdventures, by Robert Lynn Asprin (1978-2002): Mr. Asprin died in 2008, but there are plans for more books to be released by the collaborator Jody Lynn Nye.
- The Next Full Moon , by Carolyn Turgeon (2012): Is Ava turning into a swan maiden? Awakening story.
- October Daye series, by Seanan McGuire (2009-present)
- Otherworld series a.k.a. Sisters of the Moon series, by Yasmine Galenorn (2006-present): The author has been a practicing witch since 1980.
- The Owl Service, by Alan Garner (1967)
- Pearlie series, by Wendy Harmer (2003-2014): A childrens' book series about urban fairies by a prominent Austrialian personality who was particularly successful as a comedian in the nineties. An animated series was released between 2009-2011.
- Percy Jackson and the Olympians (), by Rick Riordan (2005-2009): A massively popular children's series based on Greek Mythology. I can personally attest that I attended a university mythology class with hundreds of people and when the professor asked whether the people were inspired to take it because of this series almost every hand raised. Notable for containing nymphs, satyrs and dryads. Awakening tale for certain characters.
- Puck of Pook's Hill, by Rudyard Kipling (1906): A collection of short stories taking place in England, told by two children by Kipling's old house near Burwash, England, or by Puck himself. The second volume is called Rewards and Fairies.
- Rainbow Magic series, by Meadows Daisy (A pseudonym for a collective) (2003-present): Meadows Daisy is the pseudonym for the writers Narinder Dhami, Sue Bentley, Linda Chapman, and Sue Mongredien. This is a rather long-running Scholastic series of really cute illustrated books about sprites with modern humanlike lives and occupations.
- Scholars and Sorcery series, by Eleanor Beresford (2015): A schoolgirl romance set in an alternative mid-century England full of magical creatures. Lesbian.
- The Sea Lady, by H.G. Wells (1901): An extremely early example of urban fantasy by the author famous for The Time Machine among other hits. This story involves a mermaid washing ashore on the southern coast of England and pretending to want to enter the aristocrastic class while actually looking to seduce a man she saw a few years back.
- Sea Princesses, by Fábio Yabu (2005-present): A children's book series about mermaid princesses. A 104-episode show ran between 2007-2010.
- The Shadowhunter Chronicles, by Cassandra Clare (2007-present): A young adult series about angels, demons and a mix of fairy tales and mythology. A movie based on one of the books, City of Bones, came out in 2013. A television series ran from 2016-2019, developed by Ed Dector.
- The Shadow Reader series, by Sandy Williams (2011-2013)
- Some Kind of Fairy Tale, by Graham Joyce (2012)
- The Southern Vampire Mysteries a.k.a. the True Blood novels or the Sookie Stackhouse novels (2001-2013): The source material for the HBO series True Blood (2008-2014).
- The Spiderwick Chronicles, by Tony DiTerlizzi and Holly Black (2003-2009): Rather well-known children's series. A Nickelodeon movie with alterations came out in 2008. A video game came out in 2008 as well.
- The Starry Night, The Starry Sea (那片星空那片海), by Tong Hua (2015): A Chinese book about a girl falling in love with a merman. A show based on it came out in 2017, with the second season of it taking place during the Tang Dynasty with past incarnations of characters.
- Summer Knight from the Dresden Files series, by Jim Butcher (2002)
- The Swan Maiden, by Serene Conneeley (2020)
- Modern Fairy Tales series, by Holly Black (2002-2007)
- An Unseelie Understanding , by Amy Sumida (2018)
- War for the Oaks, by Emma Bull (1987)
- Water Tales series, by Alice Hoffman (2001-2002): The first book, Aquamarine, is about two schoolgirls and a mermaid; a loosely-based film from 2006 is fairly well-known. However, there is a second book called Indigo which is notable for featuring mermen.
- Wicked Lovely, by Melissa Marr (2009-2013)
- A Wicked Trilogy , by Jennifer L. Armentrout (2014-present): Longer than a trilogy. A romance between a college student in the New Orleans French Quarter and a dark fae prince.
- The Wings series, by Aprillyne Pike (2009-2012): Awakening story.
Written Fairy Tales
Children's fairy tales continue to be made in contemporary times, often published by the Scholastic company. Now one can find erotic fairy tales as well.
- The Adventures of Pinocchio, by Carlo Colloti (1883): An Italian moralistic fairy tale from the later 19th century. Features the Blue Fairy, known here as the Fairy with the Turquoise hair, and is thus a depiction which came earlier than Maeterlinck's influential play The Blue Bird. Pinocchio is a very monomythical story (cf. Hero with a Thousand Faces by Joseph Campbell, 1949), so naturally it is massively popular. The Disney film came out in 1940. However, there is a staggering number of other adaptations, especially from Italy where Pinocchio seems to be practically rivaling Aeneas himself for a national epic. Pinocchio became internationally known, even across the Iron Curtain with the Buratino version. An Italian silent film was made in 1911, directed by Giulio Antamoro. There is a Russian retelling of the story called The Golden Key, or the Adventures of Buratino, created by Aleksey Nikolayavich Tolstoy which was published in 1936, and a live-action and stop motion film of this adaptation came out in 1939. There is a movie that was being produced in Italy in 1936 but was never completed, with only the script and a few still frames surviving. Another Italian film came out in 1947, directed by Gianetto Guardone. A depiction of Pinnochio is played by Italian comedian Totò in his film Toto in Color (Totò a colori) (1952). Mel Blanc played Pinocchio in a 1953 radio adaptation. Mickey Rooney played Pinocchio in a 1957 movie directed by Paul Bogart. A television show was released in 1959 was directed by Enrico D'Alessandro and Cesare Emilio Gaslini. A 1959 Soviet animated feature film based on the Buratino adaptation was directed by Dmitriy Babichenko and Ivan Ivanov-Vano and was dubbed into English in 1998. The New Adventures of Pinocchio is a American animated television series from 1960-1961. Another movie came out in 1965. A Belgian-American animated film called Pinocchio in Outer Space was released in 1965. An East German Pinocchio film by the name of Turlis Abenteuer directed by Walter Beck was released in 1967. A Dutch series, De avonturen van Pinokkio was released between 1968-1969. An American musical TV film came out in 1968, directed by Sid Smith. Tatsunoko created a 52-episode anime called Pinocchio: The Series (樫の木モック, Mock of the Oak Tree), which was dubbed into English in 1992. An animated film by Giuliano Cenci was released in 1972. An Italian miniseries came out the same year, 1972. A 1972 American movie came out called Pinocchio and His Magic Show. A Soviet musical Buratino film came out in 1975, directed by Leonid Nechayev. Another anime came out in 1976 (Piccolino no Bōken). Another American television musical film was released in 1976. A parody came out in 1976 entitled Spinnolio, which has a Pinocchio lookalike working at a complaints desk due to his skills at listening. A four episode television miniseries was released in 1978. An Indonesian musical film called Si Boneka Kayu, Pinokio (Pinocchio the wood puppet) was released in 1979. A Rankin/Bass holiday special called Pinocchio's Christmas came out in 1980. An Argentine movie came out in 1986. An epic animated film called Pinocchio and the Emperor of Night came out in 1987. An animation directed by Ippei Kuri and Jim Terry was released in 1988. A 1993 direct-to-video adaptation came out with voice acting by Jeannie Elias. A horror movie called Pinocchio's Revenge came out in 1996. A movie came out in 1996 with the actor Jonathan Taylor Thomas. An Italian movie was released in 1999 titled Pinocchio ovvero lo spettacolo della provvidenza. The movie Geppetto was released in 2000. An Italian movie was released in 2002 with actor Roberto Benigni. The Canadian-French-Spanish Pinocchio 3000 was released in 2004, where Pinocchio is a robot. Pinocchio got an opera in 2007, composed by Jonathan Dove with a libretto by Alasdair Middleton. The Italian village of Collodi, where Carlo Colloti is from, is now called Villa Pinocchio. A two-episode television film was released in 2008, directed by Alberto Sironi. An Italian animated adaptation was released in 2012. Pinocchio was a primary subject in the satirical novel Splintered: A Political Fairy Tale. A musical called Pinocchio: Superstar was produced by Norberto Bertassi and premiered in 2016. There is a 2014–2015 South Korean television series starring Lee Jong-suk and Park Shin-hye. An Italian film came out in 2019 directed and co-produced by Matteo Garrone. A stop-motion musical is being directed by Guillermo del Toro and set for release on Netflix in 2021, with voicing by Ewan McGregor.
- Croatian Tales of Long Ago (Priče iz Davnine), by Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić (1916, translated into English by F.S. Copeland)
- Elf Night, by Jan Wahl (2002)
- The Kith of the Elf Folk, by Lord Dunsany (1908)
- The Oevre of Janet Yolen (1969-present)
- The poetic oevre of Rose Fyleman: Juvenile fairy poems ranging in publication date from c. 1918 to the forties. The Fairy Green poetry book. The Fairy Flute poetry book.
- The Golden Staircase: Poems and Verses for Children, by Louey Chisholm and Minnie Dibdin Spooner (1906)
- Rhymes for the Young Folk, by William Allingham (1887)
- Transformations , by Anne Sexton (1971): Sixteen re-envisioned fairy tales in verse.
- Victorian Fairy Verse: An Annotated Anthology, compiled by John T. Cruse: A collection of poems about fairies from the Victorian period. Appears to only be on the Kindle.
- The oevre of William Butler Yeats
Other (Notable allusions, snippets etc.)
- Prufrock, by T.S. Eliot (1915): Modernist, rather famous, makes an allusion to mermaids. Still, it's about the hopelessness and despair of the modern world, so Mr. Eliot might end up being seen as overly pessimistic and grumpy.
Comics, Graphic Novels, Manga and Light Novels
Manga and Light Novels
Manga tends to be dominated by youkai lore, and the shows which feature them often have a Shinto theme. There are shows with more Western fae, though. I would be remiss to not include the distinction between manga and light novels, although my pathos for the separation is limited.
- The Ancient Magus' Bride (魔法使いの嫁), by Kore Yamazaki (2013-present): Has an anime series and OVA which ran from 2016-2018. One of the most famous Japanese renditions of Western fairy lore.
- Bondage Fairies (ボンデージフェアリーズ), by Teruo Kakuta (1990-1991): An erotic work about fairies protecting the forest with lots of sex, including bondage.
- Berserk (ベルセルク), by Kentarou Miura (1992-present, prototype in 1988, often goes on hiatus): Long-running and well-acclaimed dark medieval series which features many fairy characters. Two anime adaptations were made, one in 1997 and the other in 2016, with the earlier one generally seen as superior. However, neither of the anime catch up to the manga, and the mangaka is an art prodigy who tends to baffle animators in recreating the style. Therefore, I would recommend sticking to the manga.
- Black Clover (ブラッククローバー ), by Yuuki Tabata (2015-present): Has an anime which started in 2017 and ongoing, originally an OVA.
- Goblin Slayer (ゴブリンスレイヤー ), by Kumo Kagyu (2016-present): This is about a man who has focused almost solely upon making himself a goblin-slaying juggernaut. Has a female elf side character as well as a dwarf. Dark.
- Fukigen na Mononokean (不機嫌なモノノケ庵 ) a.k.a. The Morose Mononokean, by Kiri Wazawa (2013-present): A show about youkai and demons which has two seasons of anime, the first from 2016 and the second from 2019.
- Hakushaku to Yousei (伯爵と妖精) (English: The Earl and the Fairy or The Count and the Fairy), written by Mizue Tani (2004-2013): Light novel series. Also has a manga series from 2008-2010 and a 12 episode anime from 2008.
- In/Spectre a.k.a. Invented Inference (Japanese: 虚構推理, Romaji: Kyokou Suiri), by Kyo Shirodaira (writer), Hiro Kyohara (illustrator, first volume) and Chasiba Katase (illustrator, volume 2 onward) (2011-present): Supernatural mystery involving youkai. Illustrated novels originally with a manga proper started in 2015 as well as an anime in 2020.
- Inuyasha (犬夜叉), by Rumiko Takahashi (1996-2008): A famous series involving youkai, demons and romance. An anime series with lots of filler was made between 2000-2004 and another from 2009-2010. There are also five movies. The anime and movies would be considered extremely nostalgic to many.
- Isuca (ISUCA [イスカ] ), by Osamu Takahashi (2009-2017): The anime is 10 episodes and was released in 2015.
- Kamisama Hajimemashita (神様はじめました) a.k.a. Kamisama Kiss, by Julietta Suzuki (2008-2016): A shoujo series involving Shinto and human x youkai romance. Two seasons of anime were released, the first in 2012 and the second in 2015, along with some OVAs from 2016.
- Magical x Miracle, by Yuzu Mizutani (2002-2006)
- Mermaid Melody Pichi Pichi Pitch (ぴちぴちピッチ―マーメイドメロディー), by Michiko Yokote (writer) and Pink Hanamori (illustrator) (2002-2005): A shoujo manga all about mermaids. Has a 91 episode anime that ran from 2003-2004.
- Mermaid Saga (人魚シリーズ), written and illustrated by Rumiko Takahashi (1984-1994): A series about an immortal that wants to become mortal again by searching for a mermaid. From the creator of Urusei Yatsura.
- Monogatari series (物語), by Nisio Isin (writer) and Vofan (illustrator) (2005-present): A light novel series involving mysteries with youkai and is focused on conversations. Insanely gorgeous characters. Has a stellar anime by the quirky studio Shaft which ran from 2009-2019.
- Mushishi (蟲師), by Yuki Urushibara (1999-2008): A meditative series about youkai which has two anime series, one from 2005-2006 and the other from 2014.
- My Bride Is a Mermaid (瀬戸の花嫁), by Tahiko Kimura (2002-2010): A show about a man marrying a mermaid from a yakuza family.An anime came out in 2007 and ran for a full 26 episodes. Two OVA episodes came out in late 2009-early 2009.
- Natsume Yuujinchou (夏目友人帳) (English: Natsume's Book of Friends), by Yuki Midorikawa (2005-present): Has a 74 episode anime released between 2008-2017, with 6 episodes of OVA from 2014-2017.
- Monster Girl Encyclopedia (魔物娘図鑑), by Kenkou Cross (2010): A compendium of lewd "monster girls" (MGs, mamono) based on various real life mythology and folklore, released in a doujinshi format at Comiket by the circle Kurobinega headed by Kenkou Cross. There is a popular wiki (the MGE Wiki) which showcases all the girls and is a portal to fanfiction and roleplay based on the series. As far as fae there are multitudes such as fairies, elves, dwarves, dryads, the dullahan and even the hakutaku. Not to be confused with Monster Musume. Racy.
- Monster Musume no Iru Nichijou (モンスター娘のいる日常) a.k.a. MonMusu, by Okayado (2012-present): A monster girl series with very creative races, which includes fae. An anime came out in 2015, with two episodes that came out with the manga from 2016 and 2017 respectively. A defunct online game ran from 2015-2016. Racy.
- Otome Youkai Zakuro (おとめ妖怪 ざくろ) a.k.a. Zakuro, by Lily Hoshino (2006-present): Has a half-youkai girl as a main character. An anime came out in 2010.
- Sewayaki Kitsune no Senko-san (世話やきキツネの仙狐さん) (English: The Helpful Fox Senko-san) a.k.a. Senko-san or Senko-chan, by Rimukoro (2017-present): Watch a youthful kitsune maiden spoil a salaryman. An anime came out in 2019.
- Yozakura Quartet (夜桜四重奏 ～ヨザクラカルテット～), by Suzuhito Yasuda (2006-present): Has two anime adaptations, the first by Nomad in 2008. OVAs and the second anime series were made by Tatsunoko first in 2010 and then from 2013-2014. Has a crossover manga with Durarara!!
- Yuu Yuu Hakusho (幽遊白書) a.k.a. Ghost Files, Yoshihiro Togashi (1990-1994): A famous series about the spirit world, analogous to the fae and fitting within Japanese youkai lore. The anime of it was released by the strict definition from 1992-1994 and was popularized a few years later in the West. There are also OVAs from 1994-1996 and some one-shots from 2018. Quite a few games were made for the series, going back to the SNES.
American & British
American comics with fae are dominated in popularity by works written by Neil Gaiman.
- Avalon: Web of Magic , Robert Mandell (creator), Rachel Roberts (writer) (2001-2010): American illustrated novel series loosely based on the animated show Princess Gwenevere and the Jewel Riders (1995-1996). An original English-language manga called Avalon: The Warlock Diaries ran from 2009-2010. A movie and animated show are in development. Arthurian.
- Barnaby, by Crockett Johnson, revival by Warren Sattler (1942-1952, 1960-1962): A newspaper comic which stars a five-year‑old named Barnaby and a gruff fairy godfather named Jackeen J. O'Malley. A theater adaptation, Barnaby and Mr. O'Malley, premiered in 1946 and ran in various East Coast cities. The creator is well-known for the children's book Harold and the Purple Crayon.
- The Books of Faerie , written by Bronwyn Carlton (two series) and John Ney Rieber (one series), published by Dark Horse (1997-1999): A spin‑off of The Books of Magic, written by Neil Gaiman and published by DC between 1990-1991 and 1994-2000. Shakespearean.
- Camelot 3000 , by Mike W. Barr (writer) and Brian Bollard (pencilling), published by DC (1982-1985): A limited series with twelve issues. One of DC's first direct market projects.Arthurian sci-fi.
- Damsels , by John Reppion (2012-2014)
- The DC Universe: The Demon Knights series is Arthurian and ran from 2011-2013 and features the character Madame Xanadu, who is identified as Nimue. Morgaine le Fey is a supervillainess who debuted in 1972 and has been seen very occasionally in DC media.
- ElfQuest, by Wendy and Richard Pini (1978-2018): Everything elves. Ran for forty years.
- Fables , by Bill Willingham (writer) and Mark Buckingham, Lan Medina and Steve Leialoha among others (pencillers), published by Vertigo (2002-2015): Characters from folklore live in a clandestine community in New York City called Fabletown, as well as
The Farm in upstate New York. The series focuses on people in the legal professions. A prequal video game was released in 2013 entitled The Wolf Among Us.
- Fathom , created by Michael Turner, first published by Top Cow Productions and then by Aspen Comics (1998-present): Features the heroine Aspen Matthews, who is a member of a race called the Blues that are analogous to mermaids. She possesses water-manipulating powers.
- Fiddle O' Diddle, conceived by Tom Paterson (1997-2004): A leprechaun character who appeared in the British childrens' comic magazine The Dandy.
- Hellboy, by Mike Mignola, published by Darkhorse (First appeared in 1993): Especially The Wild Hunt from 2008.
- Mage , by Matt Wagner (1984-1986, 1997-1999, 2017-2019): This series has interestingly long intervals between publication periods, but manages to stay within a theme of naming the chapters of each volume after a line of a specific Shakespeare play. The main character finds out that he has met Merlin, his bat is Excalibur and he himself is Arthur. Arthurian. Shakespearean.
- The Marvel Universe (first appeared in 1966): The Knights of Pendragon are an Arthurian superhero team which had a self-titled series from 1990-1993. The otherworld, or Avalon, is an Arthurian setting which first appeared in The Fantastic Four in 1966.
- Prince Valiant , started by Hal Foster (1937-present): A venerable series regarded as one of the most impressive visual works of all time in comics, lauded in its early days by eminent people such as the Duke of Windsor and William Randolph Hearst. Has a movie from 1954, which itself was adapted into a comic book. There is also a 1997 independent British-Irish movie directed by Anthony Hickox. There is a 65-episode animated series from 1991 (The Legend of Prince Valiant), with a German book series based on it coming out in 1994 (Die Legende von Prinz Eisenherz). Marvel published a miniseries in the nineties. A tabletop roleplaying game came out in 1999. Two phonograph records exist, from 1947 and 1968. Arthurian.
- "The Once and Future Duck", by Don Rosa (1996): An Arthurian Donald Duck comic.
- Sandman, by Neil Gaiman (Original series from 1989-1996): A top-selling graphic novel series. In development as a live action series for Netflix.
- Stardust, by Neil Gaiman (writer) and Charles Vess (illustrator) (1997): Very famous. Also a novel version and a movie (2007).
- Unholy Grail , by Cullen Bunn (2017-present): Arthurian. Dark.
Medievalism can be heavy in the Franco-Belgian scene.
- Black Moon Chronicles (Chroniques de la Lune Noire), by François Marcela-Froideval (1989-2017): French fantasy series with exceptional art. Dark.
- Les Compagnons du Crepuscule, by François Bourgeon (1984-1992)
- Elves et Nains, made in an artist collaboration started by Jean-Luc Istin and Nicolas Jarry (c. 2012-2017)
- La Quête de l'oiseau du temps (English: The Quest for the Time-Bird), by Serge Tendre (writer) and Régis Loisel and others (illustrator), published by Dargaud (1983-present)
- Smurfs (French: Schtroumpfs), by Peyo (hallmark characters first appearing in 1958, still going): Famous French comic series of blue fairylike people that was in a way communist propaganda which successfully reached American shores. They originated in a 1958 comic The Flute with Six Holes (La Flûte à six trous) as a
schtroumpf. This word comes from Peyo forgetting the word
salt in a conversation with fellow comic artist André Franquin and accidentally saying
schtroumpf. The two ended up talking in
schtroumpf language for two weeks.
Schtrump happens to be German for sock, and the beings appropriately wear Phrygian caps which are like socks. It was translated into Dutch as
smurf and this is the pronunciation that reached the Anglophone world. The first movie came out in 1965, and three more movies came out decades later in 2011, 2013 and 2017. Had an animated series run from 1981‑1989. Has many video games going back all the way to the Atari 2600 and Colecovision in 1982. Have made their way into theme parks and icescapade shows over the years.
Comics from Other Regions
- Dysebel, conceived by Mars Ravelo (1953-present): A popular mermaid character in the Philippines who has six movies (1953, 1964, 1973, 1978, 1990, 1996) and two television series (2008, 2014).
- The Demon Mages , by Jason Robinson (Started in 2012, on hiatus): Queer.
Magazines and Journals
- The Bottle Imp (2007-present): A Scottish literature magazine which can naturally involve fairies :)
- Enchanted Living, founded by Kim Cross (2005-present): Formerly called Faerie, celebrates all things enchanted.
- Fae Magazine, founded by Karen Kay (2007-present)
Live Action Movies
- A Daughter of the Gods, directed by Herbert Brenon, starring Annette Kellermann (1916, lost): A silent film involving a fairy and a mermaid and involving a sultan and a witch. The earliest movie considered to show a complete nudity scene, even if Miss Kellermann's body is mostly covered by her hair.
- Avatar (2009): Not fairies per se but the Na'vi are so analogous that this movie bears mentioning. Brought in over a billion dollars at the box office.
- Border (2018): A Swedish film involving trolls. Dark.
- Duyung, A. Razak Mohaideen (director), Azhari Zain (writer) starring Saiful Apek and Maya Karin (2008): A Malaysian romantic comedy with a mermaid.
- Enchanted (2007): A spoof of Disney fairy tale films, produced by Disney itself. "With a twist".
- Empires of the Deep (Original English working title:Mermaid Island USA vs the Plesiosaurs, Jon Jiang (conceptualization), Michael French and others (directors), Randall Frakes (writer), starring Olga Kurylenko (Development started in 2010, unreleased): A movie in development hell of a romantic tale involving a mermaid in the setting of warring oceanic kingdoms. In this world China rules the South China Sea. This is a project of Chinese billionaire realtor Jon Jiang, who financed part of it.
- Fishtales, directed by Aiki David and Michael Greenspan, starring Billy Zane and Kelly Brook (2007): A widowed father falls in love with a mermaid.
- Getting Lucky, written and directed by Michael Paul Girard, starring Steven Cooke, Lezlie Z. McCraw, Rick McDowell and Garry Kluger (1990): A high school senior finds an alcoholic leprechaun in a beer bottle who is to grant him three wishes before returning to Ireland. These wishes end up causing trouble.
- Gnomes and Trolls: The Secret Chamber (2008)
- Head, Jack Nicholson and Bob Rafelson (writing and producing, the latter also directing), starring The Monkees (1968): This film was an unbelievable bomb at the box office. Trying to appeal to the hippie crowd with a trip-out plot and philosophical pondering, The Monkees simultaneously shattered their square image and were ignored by the counterculture. There are mermaids.
- Hook, directed by Steven Spielberg, written by James V. Hart and Malia Scotch Marmo (1991): A sequal to Peter and Wendy focusing on adult Peter Pan. Starring Robin Williams, Dustin Hoffman, Julia Roberts, Bob Hoskins and Maggie Smith.
- Ikan Doejoeng (?) a.k.a. Ikan Duyung (
Mermaid), directed by Lie Tek Swie (1941, lost): A lost Dutch East Indies romance film about a woman who imagines herself into a mermaid to escape from someone she is told to marry so she can meet with her true love.
- The Kingdom of the Fairies (French: Le Royaume des fées), by Georges Méliès (1903): Silent. Has lavish special effects with the technology available at the time.
- Labyrinth, directed by Jim Henson (1986): A puppet show headed by George Lucas as executive producer, with Brian Froud as the concept artist. The film stars David Bowie.
- Legend , directed by Ridley Scott, starring Tom Cruise, Mia Sara, Tim Curry, David Bennent, Alice Playten, Billy Barty, Cork Hubbert and Annabelle Lanyon (1985): Jack, the pure being, works to stop the Lord of Darkness plunging the world into eternal night. Considered a throwback to older, more disturbing tales from oral tradition.
- Leprechaun series, created by Mark Jones, starring Warwick Davis in most of the films (1993-2018): A horror series about a killer leprechaun.
- The Luck of the Irish, directed by Henry Koster, starring Tyrone Power, Anne Baxter, Lee J. Cobb, Cecil Kellaway and Jayne Meadows (1948): A newspaper reporter from New York meets a beautiful woman and a leprechaun in Ireland. Once he gets back to New York City to his fiancée and her wealthy father he finds out that the woman and leprechaun have moved there.
- The Luck of the Irish , produced by Disney, directed by Paul Hoen, written by Andrew Price, starring Ryan Merriman (2001): A Disney Channel Original Movie where a teenage boy and his family start reverting to their true leprechaun forms once the family's lucky gold coin is stolen.
- The Magical Legend of the Leprechauns , produced by Hallmark Entertainment, directed by John Henderson, written by Peter Barnes, starring Randy Quaid, Colm Meaney, Kieran Culkin, Roger Daltrey, Caroline Carver and Whoopi Goldberg (1999): A made-for-TV Hallmark movie where an American businessman encounters leprechauns, and a leprechaun and fairy on opposite sides of a war fall in love, hearkening to Romeo and Juliet. These two stories start to intertwine.
- Maleficent , directed by Robert Stromberg, screenplay by Linda Woolverton, starring Angelina Jolie (2014, sequel in 2019): A smash hit film starring perhaps the most famous fairy villainess of all time, this is Jolie's highest-grossing movie. It is based loosely on Charles Perrault's story Sleeping Beauty but from Maleficent's perspective. The sequel, Maleficent: Mistress of Evil, came out in 2019, directed by Joachim Rønning and starring Angelina Jolie a second time.
- Mermaids of Tiburon a.k.a. Aqua Sex (modified version), written and directed by John Lamb (1962): A diver searching for underwater treasure encounters mermaids. Aqua Sex is a version John Lamb released after the film failed to gain attention which has the mermaids with their chests exposed and foot flippers instead of tails.
- Neptune's Daughter, directed by Herbert Brenon and starring Annette Kellerman (1914, partially lost): A partially lost silent romantic film about a mermaid who is Neptune's daughter.
- Night Tide, written and directed by Curtis Harrington, starring Dennis Hopper (1961): A horror movie about a girl who believes she is a siren.
- The Norman Rockwell Code, by Alfred Thomas Catalfo (2006): A parody of The Da Vinci Code. Involves a mermaid.
- Oh! My Zombie Mermaid (あゝ!一軒家プロレス), written by Naoki Kudo and Izo Hashimoto, directed by Naoki Kudo, starring Shinya Hashimoto (2004): A professional wrestler's wife starts to involuntarily transform into a mermaid.
- Pan , by Joe Wright (director) and Jason Fuchs (writer) (2015): A prequal twist of Peter and Wendy.
- Pan's Labyrinth (El Laberinto del Fauno) (2006): Well-known Spanish-Mexican film by Guillermo del Toro about a mystical world found during the ruling of Franco.
- Princess Nicotine; or, The Smoke Fairy, directed by J. Stuart Blackton, cinematography by Tony Gaudio (1909): A five-minute silent film where fairies appear to a smoker. Was considered significant for its special effects.
- Red Clover a.k.a. Leprechaun's Revenge and St. Patrick's Day Leprechaun, directed by Drew Daywalt, written by Anthony C. Ferrante, starring Billy Zane (2012): A direct-to-TV horror film where a killer leprechaun gets released in a fictional town in Massachusetts.
- Shamrock Hill, directed by Arthur Dreifuss, written by Arthur Hoerl and McElbert Moore, starring Peggy Ryan, Ray McDonald and Trudy Marshall (1949): A musical comedy involving a girl who wants to prevent a television station being built on a certain hill.
- Splash and Splash 2, directed by Ron Howard, written by Lowell Ganz and Babaloo Mandel, starring Tom Hanks, Daryl Hannah, John Candy and Eugene Levy (1984, 1988): A man falls in love with a woman who is secretly a mermaid. The first film released by Touchstone Pictures, a Walt Disney subsidiary used to obfuscate the flagship brand with works of a non-G rating.
- Strange Magic (2015)
- The Thirteenth Year , directed by Duwayne Dunham (1999): A Disney Channel Original Movie about a boy who starts turning into a merman after he turns thirteen. Actually a rather groundbreaking awakening story considering the time of release and the male main character.
- Willow (1988)
- Aryana , starring Ella Cruz (2012-2013): A Filipine drama about a girl choosing between being a human and a mermaid.
- Baal Veer, created by Vipul D. Shah and Sanjeev Sharma (2012-2016, 2019-present): A massively prolific Indian children's series airing on SAB TV which ran for over 1,000 episodes. The main character Baal Veer is blessed with seven fairies to save children and defeat the villainess fairy Bhayankar Pari.
- Ben & Holly's Little Kingdom, created by Mark Baker and Neville Astley (2009-2013): A children's show which aired on Nickelodeon UK based on an elf and fairy kingdom. Many of the staff who work on Peppa Pig have worked in production of this show.
- Castelo Rá-Tim-Bum, by TV Cultura (1994-1997): A Brazilian show about a 300 year old kid, who looks like an adult, living with his uncle who is a 3,000-year old sorcerer and scientist and his great aunt named Morgana who is a 6,000 year old witch. They live in a castle in São Paulo. The genie is featured in this show.
- Dyosa () (English: Goddess), directed by Wenn V. Deramas (2008-2009): A Filipine fantasy series which stars a girl who can transform into a mermaid, a centaur and a harpy.
- Faerie Tale Theatre a.k.a. Shelley Duvall's Faerie Tale Theatre, created by Shelley Duvall (1982-1987): An 27-episode anthology of fairy tales which ran on Showtime. It includes tales such as Snow White, Pinocchio and The Snow Queen. This is one of the first cable originals (I know, very exciting).
- The Fairies, created by Jennifer Watts (1998-2004): An Australian children's show.
- The Genie from Down Under, coproduced by ACTF, BBC and ABC (1996-1998): A British girl finds an opal pendant which holds two Australian genies who want to get back to their home country and who can grant her wishes.
- Grihalakshmi Ka Jinn, aired on Zee TV (1994-1997): An Indian drama series about a housewife who wants somebody to solve her problems quickly. She prays and God answers by giving her a genie, which eats batteries for food. Starring Rita Bhaduri as the housewife and Raj Zutshi as the genie.
- H2O: Just Add Water (2006-2010): An Australian children's series about three teenage mermaids which takes place on the Gold Coast. The mermaid girls have the power to control water. Currently runs in syndication. An animated series came out on Netflix in 2015 called H2O: Mermaid Adventures, produced by Denis Olivieri and directed by Tian Xiao Zhang.
- Hatim a.k.a. Maaveeran Hatim, directed by Amrit Sagar (2993-2004): Based on the famous Arab poet Hatim al-Tai, this Indian epic childrens' series makes allusions to Aladdin. However, Jasmin is the princess of fairyland (Paristan).
- The Idle Mermaid (잉여공주), starring Jo Bo-ah, On Joo-wan, Song Jae-rim and Park Ji-soo (2014): A South Korean drama series telling a modern rendition of The Little Mermaid. An unofficial Indonesian series was released based on it called Mermaid in Love.
- I Dream of Jeannie, created by Sidney Shelton and starring Barbara Eden (1965-1970): A classic mid-century campy sitcom where a loveable female genie has a relationship with an astronaut (played by Larry Hagman). An Indian adaptation called Jeannie Aur Juju was released between 2012-2014.
- Jackonary, by BBC (1965-1996, 2006, 2007-2009): A children's television show intended to promote reading which featured fairy tales. Revived for two tales in 2006. Later revived as Jackanory Junior, intended for an even younger audience, in 2007.
- Johan en de Alverman (1965-1966): A classic Flemish children's show.
- Just Our Luck, by the brothers Lawrence and Charles Gordon (1983): A TV weatherman frees a cool African-American genie from a bottle after being imprisoned in it for nearly two centuries. The show received the ire of the NAACP who wanted it cancelled but later settled with obtaining creative control. The show was cancelled after three months. The show is thirteen episodes long.
- Kambal Sirena , by Dode Cruz (creator), DonDon Santos (director), starring Luiso delos Reyes and Aljur Abrenica (2014): A Filipine romance series about twins born with mermaid features.
- The Krofft Supershow, by Sid and Marty Krofft (1976-1978): This show contains a variety of segments based on different characters, all hosted by the show's rock band Kaptain Kool and the Kongs. One of the segments is Magic Mongo, starring a genie of the same name.
- Legend of the Blue Sea (푸른 바다의 전설), starring Jun Ji-hyun and Lee Min-ho (2016-2017): A South Korean romantic drama series about a con artist and a mermaid falling in love. Inspired by a Joseon legend about a mermaid and a fisherman.
- The Leprechaun-Artist (1986): The first segment of the nineteenth episode of the 1985-1986 Twilight Zone revival. A leprechaun is captured by a couple of boys and he gives them three wishes, which do not go in the boys' favor. The leprechaun seems to be trying to teach the boys lessons.
- Lost Girl (2010): A Canadian show about a succubus who gets involved with fae. Female lead. Queer (bisexual lead).
- Mako: Island of Secrets , produced by Jonathan M. Schiff (2013-2016): A spin-off of H2O: Just Add Water, this show is about a teenage boy who turns into a merman after accidentally falling into magical water.
- Man from Atlantis, created by Mayo Simon and Herbert F. Solow, starring Patrick Duffy (1977-1978): A science fiction series about a man who is considered the last surviving member of the Atlantean civilization. He has powers such as underwater breathing, high depth pressure tolerance and super strength. He is quite a bit like a merman himself. There is an episode with a mermaid.
- Marina , starring Claudine Barretto (2004): A Filipine drama about a girl who becomes a mermaid on her seventh birthday.
- Marinara, directed by Enrico Quizon and Soxy Topacio, starring Rufa Mae Quinto (2004): A Filipine drama involving mermaids.
- Mermaids: The Body Found, directed by Sid Benett (2012): A show which aired on Animal Planet and The Discovery Channel apparently working to prove mermaids exist through the aquatic ape hypothesis.
- The Mighty Boosh (2004-2007): The show is self-titled for the creative collective who made it. It is a heavily music-driven British show with a surrealist fantasy world involving both live action and animation. Involves mermaids. There are a total of twenty episodes.
- The Pee-wee Herman Show (1980), created by and starring Paul Reubens (1986-1990): A very interesting HBO show which gave rise to the more popular movie Pee-wee's Big Adventure and the cult classic Pee-wee's Playhouse. There is a genie named Jambi who lives in a magic box.
- Siren, created by Eric Wald and Dean White (2018-present): An American drama show airing on the cable channel Freeform about merfolk coming to a town in Washington.
- Super Sentai franchise (スーパー戦隊シリーズ), by Toei Company (1975-present): A mainstay Japanese tokusatsu series which provides the source footage for the American Power Rangers series. The 2020 series is called Mashin Sentai Kiramager (魔進戦隊キラメイジャー) and is specifically themed on genies and magic gemstones. An older season called Mahō Sentai Magiranger (魔法戦隊マジレンジャー), which corresponds to Power Rangers Mystic Force, has a cat genie named Smoky the Black Cat.
- Merlin , starring Bradley James and Colin Morgan (2008-2012): Arthurian.
- Once Upon a Time , created by Edward Kitsis and Adam Horowitz (2011-2018): A well-watched series of mythology, folklore and fairy tales with a twist by the creators of Lost. "With a twist".
- Son Pari (English: Golden Fairy) (2000-2004): An Indian children's show about a girl with a magical gem that summons Son Pari, the golden fairy, when rubbed along with her friend Altu.
- Tidelands, created by Stephen M. Irwin and Leigh McGrath (2018): An Australian Netflix show about dangerous siren-like beings. Stephen M. Irwin is not to be confused with the famous zoologist Steve Irwin, even if they are both Australian.
- Torchwood: Specifically episode 5,
Small Worlds (2006)
- The X-Files: "Je Souhaite" (Season 7 Episode 21), Mulder and Scully encounter a genie.
Anime (Original adaptations)
- Bermuda Triangle: Colorful Pastrale (バミューダトライアングル 〜カラフル・パストラーレ), by Seven Arcs Pictures (2019): An anime about mermaids.
- Doraemon: Nobita's Great Battle of the Mermaid King ( ドラえもん のび太の人魚大海戦) a.k.a. Doraemon the Movie: Nobita's Mermaid Legend, directed by Kouzou Kusaba, written by Yuichi Shinbo (2010): One of the many, many anime feature films based on the Doraemon series which is universally known in Japan and very popular in other parts of Asia. This one is based on mermaids, starring Sofia the mermaid princess.
- Fairy Gone (Fairy gone フェアリーゴーン) (2019)
- The Genie Family (ハクション大魔王, Hakushon Daimaō), by Tatsunoko (1969-1970, 2020 and currently airing): A show about genies being revived after fifty years. The original series ran for 52 episodes.
- A Little Snow Fairy Sugar (ちっちゃな雪使いシュガー) , by J.C. Staff (2001-2002): Harbors sweetness and benevolence that borders on ethereal. I give this my highest recommendation. Female lead. Nonviolent.
- Magical Girl Squad Alice (魔法少女隊アルス) a.k.a. Tweeny Witches (2004-2005, 2007): A series about magical girl witches based on Alice in Wonderland, which includes fairies.
- Merman in My Tub (オレん家のフロ事情), by Itokichi (2011-2020): A four-panel (yonkoma) about a cute merman moving into a high school boy's bathtub.
- Mononoke (モノノ怪), Toei Animation (2007-2008): Not to be confused with Princess Mononoke. The first manga released in the concurrent years as the anime, and a second manga was made in 2013-2014. Known for its art style.
- My Neighbor Totoro (となりのトトロ, Romaji: Tonari no Totoro), directed by Hayao Miyazaki and made by Studio Ghibli (1988): An incredibly cherished film involving youkai.
- Princess Mononoke (もののけ姫, Romaji: Mononoke Hime), directed by Hayao Miyazaki and created by Studio Ghibli (1997): An environmental war film taking place in medieval Japan involving nature spirits. I have heard of people receiving spiritual epiphanies from this.
- Sarazanmai (さらざんまい), by Kunihiko Ikuhara (2019): A show about kappa.
- Yousei Hime Ren (妖精姫レーン) (English: Elf Princess Rane), produced by KSS (1995-1996): A two‑episode OVA. Obscure, the kind you would find in the back room of Blockbuster decades ago if you were lucky. Racy.
- The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle , produced by Jay Ward Productions (1959-1964): A satirical mid-century variety show which stars an anthropomorphic squirrel and moose along with caricatured Soviet/Eastern Bloc spies who attempt to capture them. The series remained in syndication for decades. Notable for making very early fairy tales with a twist in the Fractured Fairy Tales segment.
- Barbie film series, by Mattel, with voice acting by Kelly Sheridan (2001-present): A series of direct-to-video computer-animated films starring the massively popular doll hailing from 1959, Barbie. These films are based on well-known fairy tales or are more original ones where Barbie is a fairy, such as Barbie: Fairytopia (2005) and Barbie: A Fairy Secret (2011).
- Bubble Guppies, by Jonny Belt and Robert Scull (2011-present): A children's show about merfolk preschoolers.
- The Dark Crystal , directed by Jim Henson and Frank Oz (1981): A dark fantasy puppet film depicting fairy analogues. It looks scary, I would probably refuse to watch it (I have already seen The Brave Little Toaster). Brian Froud is the concept artist for this film. A Netflix prequal has been being released since 2019 entitled The Dark Crystal: Age of Resistance.
- Disenchantment (2018-present): A Netflix series by Matt Groening, world famous for The Simpsons and Futurama.
- Gnomeo and Juliet , directed by Kelly Asbury (2012): An adaptation of Romeo and Juliet featuring gnomes. Shakespearean. "With a twist".
- Faeries, directed by Lee Mishkin featuring art by Brian Froud and Alan Lee (1981): An television special. Involves Oisin, Niamh, Puck, hags, goblins, merrows, kobolds, trows and redcaps.
- The Fairly Oddparents, created by Butch Hartman (2001-2017): A cartoon that was at one point a flagship franchise for Nickelodeon. Involves wish-fulfilling fairy godparents and a greater fairy society headed by a parody of Arnold Schwarzeneggar.
- Happily N'Ever After (2006): Based on the tales of the Brothers Grimm and Hans Christian Anderson. "With a twist".
- Imaginationland Episode I (2007): An episode of the legendary Imaginationland arc of South Park, where a leprechaun is spotted by the boys and tells them he was sent to give warning of a terrorist attack. The boys are given a ride on a magical flying machine to Imaginationland, where all of humanity's fictional characters dwell. This implies that leprechauns are imaginary ' _'
- The Lampies (2000): A children's series about sprite-like power engineers who defend a lamp post.
- Merbabies, by Walt Disney and Harman and Ising (1938): One of the last of the Silly Symphonies short films released by Disney, created around the time of the release of Snow White and one of the few Disney films created by an outside studio. This is about baby mermaids in an underwater circus.
- Omer and the Starchild (Omer et le Fils de l'Étoile), by Frédéric Koskas, Richard Bessis and Bernard Deyriès (1992): This French cartoon appears to be a rather symbolist journey of a
worm saving a mermaid.
- Onward, by Pixar (2020)
- The Secret of Kells, Cartoon Saloon (2009): A French-Belgian-Irish movie which has a notable following.
- Shazzan, by Alex Toth (creator) and Hanna-Barbera (producer) (1967-1968): Two teenagers are aided by a genie named Shazzan in their adventures in a mystical Arabian land.
- Sofia the First, created by Craig Gerber (2012-2018): A Disney Channel children's show.
- Super 4 (2014-present): A Franco-German animated series which marks the 40th anniversary of Playmobil toys, which the art is based off.
- Twinkle, the Dream Being , by Peter Keefe, Roh Seung-woo and Choi Gwang-Ahm (creators) (1992): This series stars a little genie. It ran simultaneously in America and South Korea.
- The Wearing of the Grin, directed by Chuck Jones, written by Michael Maltese, voice acting by Mel Blanc (1951): A Looney Tunes cartoon where Porky Pig has a run in with leprechauns.
- Willo the Wisp (1981, 2005): British. Looks to be in a drugged-up seventies style.
- Wishfart, created by John Hazlett, Lienne Sawatsky and Daniel Williams (2018): A Canadian show about a wish-granting teenage leprechaun along with a talking puffin and a Japanese ghost girl. Mermaids also have a notable presence. The title is based on the concept of a brainfart applied to granting wishes instead.
- Y Mabinogi a.k.a. Otherworld, directed by Derek W. Hayes (2003): Based on The Mabinogion. Has live-action sequences at the beginning and end, but it is mostly animated.
Animation of the U.S.S.R., Russian Federation and former territories and vassals
- Pittiplatsch, co-created by Ingeborg Feustel and Günther Feustel (writers), Emma-Maria Lange (sculptor) and Heinz Schröder (puppeteer) (1955-present): An East German puppet character who made his first appearance in Meister Nadelöhr erzählt, which was eventually renamed Zu Besuch im Märchenland. Pittiplasch is a kobold who was first thought up as a comic relief character, and from the first series he eventually made his way to the show Sandmännchen, especially in the Abendgruß ("evening greeting") section. He stopped appearing on television after East Germany reunited with West Germany and the East German broadcasting stopped a year later in 1991. That is, until November 2019 when new episodes started airing on New MDR, KiKA & rbb. Live performances have been going on since 1993. New merchandise for Pittiplasch is made to this day.
- Ean Grimm and the Fiechters: Hours upon hours of fantasy music including albums specifically themed around elves, mermaids, fairy forests, Avalon etc.
- Nekrogoblikon: A melodic death metal band with a goblin theme
- Ronnie James Dio: Dio is a stellar American epic metal frontman who has a fair bit of fairy and fantasy-based content in his work. His earliest releases are from a band he ws in during the first wave of rock and roll called Ronnie & the Red Caps, which released a bit of content from 1958-1960. He was in three bands with elf/elves in the name: The Electric Elves (Release in 1967), The Elves (Two albums,1969-1970), and Elf (Three albums, 1972-1975). He is, of course, more famous for the later band Rainbow as well as taking over Ozzy's position as the frontman of Black Sabbath in 1979 and performing on three of the albums in that band. He then performed in the band Dio from 1982 until his death.
Tell Me Your Wish a.k.a. Genie (소원을 말해봐), by Girls' Generation (2009)
- Yousei Teikoku: Japanese band whose stated mission is to spread the awareness of fairies.
- Ys, by Joanna Newsom (2006): Extremely mellow medieval-style ballads featuring a harp.
- Baldur's Gate, by Bioware (1998): Inspired by D&D.
- Dark Parables series, by Blue Tea Games (2010-present): A series of computer games based on puzzles and reassembling objects which are based on fairy tales.
- Dragon Age, by Bioware (2009-2014)
- The Elder Scrolls (1994-present) series: Skyrim (2011) in particular is a world-famous modern classic. Has three elven races which one can play as and interact with, those being the Altmer, Dunmer and Bosmer. There are also playable orcs, as well as goblins strictly cast as enemies. There are also non-playable fae races/ethnicities such as the Dwemer and the Ayleids. One of the most famous nonlinear "sandbox" series of all time.
- Elsword, by KOG Studios (Started up in 2007): Free-to-play Korean MMORPG
- Folklore, by Game Republic (2007): For the PS3.
- KiKi KaiKai, by Taito (1986): Japanese danmaku series featuring youkai. Was bootlegged into America and Europe as Knight Boy.
- The Legend of Zelda series, by Nintendo (1986-present): Monomythical games with a more Western setting but usually rather Japanese whimsicality and kawaiisa. The first game was inspired by the creator Shigeru Miyamoto's childhood adventures in the forest. This game series is critically acclaimed, especially Ocarina of Time and Breath of the Wild, and has a noticeably larger fanbase in America than in Japan. The games have a great variety of races and cultures that are or are very analogous to fae such as the Hylians, Kokiri, Zora, Rito and Deku. They also feature the legendary Tingle. I have personally grown up with Windwaker, Ocarina of Time and Twilight Princess.
- Mermaid Madness, by Soft Design (developer) and Electric Dreams Software (publisher) (1986): An old computer game for the Amstrad CPC, Commodore 64, and ZX Spectrum. You play as a mermaid on a quest to rescue a deep sea diver whose air is running out.
- Noita, by Nolla Games (2019 [early access]): A Finnish roguelike game in development where you play as a witch and fight enemies named after Finnish mythological creatures including the hiisi.
- Persona series (1996-present): This series is heavily influenced by Jungian psychology, and involves both turn-based combat and socializing with people similar to relationship-based visual novels. The protagonists fight beings called shadows which are based on entities found in the collective unconscious, which include fae from all around the world.
- Pocky and Rocky, by Natsume (1992): A highly sought-after SNES game featuring youkai including Rocky, a playable tanuki.
- Pokémon series, by Gamefreak (developer), Nintendo (game publisher) and The Pokemon Company (franchise management) (1996-present): One of Nintendo's most successful series, ubiquitously known. The series' ubiquitous presence and incredible popularity could have been obviously foreseen when it was conceived since it is intuitive that children would go wild for a series with hundreds of magical animals. There is an entire class of fairy pokemon with liberal designs. They don't have to be fairy types, though; grass and bug types frequently take on influence, such as Shiftry (who looks like a tengu), and the mythical types are often spritely (such as Celebi).
- Return of the Obra Dinn, by Lucas Pope (2018): A nautical mystery game in a nostalgic monochromatic style reminiscent of early Mac computers. Involves mermaids.
- Runescape, by Jagex (2001-present): Famous MMORPG. Limited free-to-play mode; the vast majority of fair folk (fairies and elves) are in paid membership areas and content involving them was generally made later in the game's history. There are some dwarven mines in the non-member zone. It can be described as focusing on Middle Ages capitalism, and its low-res graphics and corniness can come off as charming. Membership can be bought with virtual currency although it may prove difficult for some.
- Shantae series (2002-present): A long-running indie platformer series which stars an extremely cute female half-genie.
- Tales series
- Touhou series, by ZUN (1997-present): A indie game series by an eccentric musical prodigy who worked for Taito but branched off into his own work, originally releasing the games for the PC-98. The world, a liminal zone called Gensokyo based on medieval Japan, is populated by youkai, spirits, gods and humans. Nearly all the characters are female. The games are of the danmaku or bullet hell genre and are infamous for their difficulty, but they can instill a great sense of accomplishment once you get the hang of them after altering some sensory networks in your brain. The magic of this series is truly benthic. The soundtrack is a masterpiece; words hardly describe the joy that wells up inside of me while listening to it. Many official manga are available, such as Silent Sinner in Blue, Wild and Horned Hermit and Forbidden Scrollery. One of the all-time biggest sources for doujinshi work especially including pictures, music and manga. For fan music I recommend Shibayan Records, IOSYS, Akai Records, Innocent Key, Syrufit, FELT and TAMUSIC. Even the fan music can rival the work of highy‑acclaimed artists. My personal favorite series of all time, it has affected my life and touched my heart on a personal level.
- World of Warcraft , by Blizzard (2004): The world-famous Western fantasy MMORPG. Has many races of elves, dwarves, orcs etc. Tolkienesque.
Tabletop RPGs constitute a revolutionary blend of storytelling, roleplaying and gaming which became popularized in the eighties with Dungeons & Dragons and has diversified since. The original way to play these is in person with paper and pencil as well as paraphernalia such as dice and miniatures. However, one can easily find a group to play with online now. Most commonly there is a dungeon master (otherwise known as game master, DM or GM) who may have created the setting and story and who manages the game while acting as a narrator. The other people are players who roleplay as characters. The books for these systems are often divided between rule books and campaign settings. Take note that many of these are specifically rules systems which can create campaigns that harbor races of all kinds. Eventually a new type of roleplaying based on real life acting emerged called Live Action Roleplay, otherwise known as LARPing.
- Changeling: The Dreaming
- Changeling: The Lost
- Dungeons and Dragons, by Gary Gygax and Dave Ameson (1974-present): The tabletop roleplaying system. Draws heavily from Tolkien and features elves, dwarves, orcs and halflings as playable races in the official manuals and campaign books. Based on an earlier miniature game called Chainmail, it has gone through many eras with the various editions coming out over the years. It was first managed by Tactical Standard Rules Inc. (TSR), with the rights eventually being sold to Wizards of the Coast. Many prolific book series came out of it such as Dragonlance, The Forgotten Realms and the Icewind Dale series. In addition, it is very common for creators to use their campaign settings for their own fiction, even if not officially affiliated with TSR or Wizards of the Coast. Advanced D&D came out near the end of the seventies and became particularly popular, even stoking the flames of a satanism scare a great deal. It is common for a Dungeon Master to make their own setting, but many pre-made ones have been made such as Greyhawk, Planescape, Eberron and the Forgotten Realms. It is famous for it's two-dimensional character alignment system polarized between good-evil and lawful-chaotic, as well as its class system which has been highly influential on RPGs including Japanese video games.
- Golden Sky Stories, by Ryo Kamiya and Tsugihagi Honpo (c. 2015): This is a wholly peaceful RPG where you have a good time and solve little problems for people in a town. In the core version the characters are henge, which are magical animals. There are three supplements of interest. The first is called Faerie Skies wherein you play as fae in an English town. The second is Fantasy Friends which features friendly playable D&D style enemies. The third is Mononoke Tales, which is about Japanese spirits called mononoke.
- The GURPS system: Not necessarily involving fae, this is instead a generalized roleplaying rules framework known for its complexity which could be applied to a roleplaying campaign involving fae.
- M.A.G.U.S (1994-present): Hungarian.
- Pathfinder Roleplaying Game, by Paizo Publishing (2008-present): A popular modified version of D&D 3.5, and backwards-compatible with it.
- Pendragon, first published by Chaosium (1985-present): Has a book series as well. Arthurian.
- Talislanta: The motto is "no elves", but why don't you pick it up and see how that statement fares...
- Sword World RPG, by Group SNE (first edition published in 1989)
- Anduine: First City in the West
- Battleground Fantasy Warfare (2005): Tolkienesque.
- Cottlingey Fairies
- Elf Dance (2015)
- Elfenkinder (1999)
- Elfenroads (1992) and the remake Elfenland (1998)
- Enid Blyton's Journey through Fairyland (1947): Pretty old
- Herself the Elf: Elf-fun Game (1983): Made for children
- King of the Elves
- Magic: the Gathering (1993-present): Specifically the green cards and Lorwyn block.
- Midsummer (2015): Shakespearean.
- Mystic Vale (2016)
- Pocket Battles: Elves vs. Orcs (2010): Tolkienesque.
- The Secret Game of the Flower Fairies (2001)
- The Throne of the Sun Elves (2007)
- Warhammer Fantasy () , created by Rick Priestley and sold by Games Workshop (started in 1983, technically discontinued but lives on in Age of Sigmar as of 2015): A well-known tabletop game involving figures painted by hand. Warhammer Fantasy per se is more popular in Europe, while the sci-fi spinoff Warhammer 40k (which has spacefaring elf analogues the Eldar and Dark Eldar as well as space orcs) bears a greater following in America. Both are dark gothic fantasy series of epic proportions. Has the noble elves of Ulthuan along with their foes the Dark Elves of Naggaroth. Has two dwarf factions, one for order and the other for chaos. Has orcs and goblins, as well as a kingdom of ogres. Dozens of books came out of this series, including the instruction guides and faction books which chronicle the history of the world, the Gotrek and Felix series (Gotrek is a dwarf), The Sundering series (Dark elf king as the main character), The chronicles of Malus Darkblade (dark elf main character), Tyrion and Teclis (high elf main characters) and Skarsnik (goblin main character). The series got a reboot as Age of Sigmar starting in 2015. It may not bear mentioning but this series abounds with violence and general wickedness. Fairy lead (depending on played faction or book series). Did I mention dark?
- Yu-Gi-Oh!, by Konami (1999-present): Famous card game especially during the early 2000s. Its manga actually started earlier by Kazuki Takahashi in 1996 and ran up to 2004 but the dominant popularity of the card game warrants its entry in the game section. Has an anime which first came out in 1998.
Arts and Crafts
Notable Fairy Artists
- Cicely Mary Barker (20th century): A well-known fairy illustrator.
- Amy Brown (contemporary): A popular sculpture artist who focuses on female sprites. The figures she designs are readily available.
- Richard Dadd (Victorian): Fairy painter who made his best-known work in mental confinement after a deadly breakdown.
- John "Fairy" Anster Fitzgerald (Victorian): Known for the nightmare-like atmosphere of his paintings.
- Brian Froud (Modern fantasy art): Created or was influential in the art direction of certain movies involving fae in the eighties.
- Howard David Johnson (Contemporary): A visual artist who focuses on spirituality and has a very realistic style. Doreen Virtue has put art of his into her books.
- Stephanie Law (Contemporary fantasy art): A watercolor artist whose style tends to be bright and ornate. Wizards of the Coast has used her art for D&D as well as Magic: The Gathering. Other
- Ida Rentoul Outhwaite (Early 20th Century): An Australian illustrator active during the Juvenile Golden Age.
- Joseph Noel Paton (Victorian): A Scottish artist interested in Celtic folklore and a frequent painter of fae from A Midsummer Night's Dream.
- Arthur Rackham (Early 20th century): A leading English illustrator during the Juvenile Golden Age.
- Nene Thomas (Contemporary): A fairy sculptor who makes visual art and figures. Her fairies tend to be more mature and ornate than Amy Brown's.
Notable Art Collections
- The Art of Faery, by David Riche and Brian Froud (2003)
- The Complete Book of the Flower Fairies, by Cicely Mary Barker (compiled in 2002)
- Fairies, by Brian Froud and Alan Lee (2009)
- Fairy Fashion Coloring Book, by Scott Altman (2008)
- Fairies in Victorian Art, by Christopher Wood (2008)
- The Blue Bird (French: L'Oiseau bleu), by Maurice Maeterlinck (1908): Features the good fairy Bérylune, acting as the powerful fairy entity the Blue Bird who is analogous to the fairy godmother in Cinderella. Made into an opera written by Albert Wolff and was first performed in 1919. Georgette Leblanc, an operatic soprano intimate with Maeterlinck, and Maeterlinck himself wrote a children's book which was published in 1914. It was made into two silent films, one in 1910 (starring Pauline Gilmer Olive Walter) and another in 1918 (directed by Maurice Tourneur). Another film came out in 1940 starring Shirley Temple and directed by Walter Lang. An animated Soviet film came out in 1970 directed by Vasily Livanov. A joint American-Soviet fantasy film was released in 1976. Finally, a movie was shot in Togo by Gust Van Den Berghe and released at the Cannes Film Festival in 2011. A half-hour radio play was released in 1939 featuring Shirley Temple. John Metzinger produced a cubist painting titled L'Oiseau bleu between 1912-1913. An anime was released in 1980 (Maeterlinck's Blue Bird: Tyltyl and Mytyl's Adventurous Journey (メーテルリンクの青い鳥 チルチルミチルの冒険旅行), produced by Yoshinobu Nishizaki who is famous for Space Battleship Yamato. In general The Blue Bird has had frequent references in anime, hinting that it is particularly popular in Japan. A Korean drama aired in 2019 called Different Dreams which features the Blue Bird in 1919 during the Japanese occupation of Korea.
- Le Château des cœurs, by Gustave Flaubert (1863): A féerie
- La fée aux roses, byJules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges and Eugène Scribe (libretto), music by Fromental Halévy (1849): A French opéra féerie.
- Finian's Rainbow, book by E.Y. Harburg and Fred Saidy, lyrics by E.Y. Harburg, music by Burton Lane (1947): A musical about an old Irishman who immigrates to the American South, looking to bury a pot of gold with the idea that it will grow. A leprechaun follows him trying to recover the treasure so he doesn't become human. A racist senator gets involved in the situation. A film based on the play came out in 1968, directed by Francis Ford Coppola and starring Fred Astaire and Petula Clark.
- Foggerty's Fairy, by W.S. Gilbert (1874): Loosely based on
The Story of a Twelfth Cake by Gilbert, this is a farce about a man who has a fairy alter the past to save an engagement that turns out to highly affect the present. Another early time-warping story that came out after A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court.
- A Folk Tale (et Folkesagn), by August Bournonville (choreographer), music by Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann and Niels W. Gade (1854): A Danish ballet.
- A Midsummer Night's Dream, by William Shakespeare (1596): Features the famous fairies Titania, Puck and Oberon. These fairies were a frequent subject of visual art during the 19th century, when Shakespeare was immensely popular and practically praised as a demigod. Readily readable as a folio. Has many movies which were made in 1909, 1935, 1959 (Czech, puppets), 1968, 1999, 2016 and 2017 (set in present day Los Angeles). Season four of the BBC Television Shakespeare series was a rendition of this play (1981). Two spin-off parodies came out in 1997 (A Midsummer Night's Gene by Andrew Harman, a sci-fi, and A Midsummer Nightmare by Gary Kilworth). Felix Mendelssohn made an overture based on it in 1826 and incidental music in 1842. A ballet by George Balantine set to this music was made in 1962. An opera by Benjamin Britten came out in 1960.
- Peter Pan, or the Boy who Wouldn't Grow Up a.k.a. Peter and Wendy, by J.M. Barrie (1904, novelized in 1911): Features Tinkerbell the fairy, explores childhood as a theme. The Disney movie came out in 1953. An adult Franco-Belgian comic book series by Régis Loisel came out between 1990-2004.
- Romeo and Juliet, by William Shakespeare (printed in 1597): Based on an Italian novella by Matteo Bandello which was translated into English by Arthur Brooke in 1562. The fairy midwife Queen Mab is discussed by Mercutio. Queen Mab is almost certainly Mabd of Irish folklore who is a primary character in the Táin Bó Cúailnge.
- Satyr Plays: This is a term for a genre of ancient Greek plays involving satyrs. They were raucous, risqué performances which is in the spirit of the race. However, there are none that have survived which are known to the public today.
- La sirena varada, by Alejandro Casona (1934): A Spanish work written by the playwright Valle de Arán. A mermaid falls in love with a man named Ricardo.
- The Tempest, by William Shakespeare (c. 1611): Features the spritely spirit Ariel who serves Prosepo the magician. A comedic adaptation by John Dryden and William d'Avenant came out in the same century (1667). Films came out in 1911 (Edwin Thanhauser), 1960 (George Schaefer), 1963 (Alan Burke), 1979 (Derek Jarman), 1982 (Paul Mazursky, modern day adaptation), 1998 (Jack Bender, set in the Mississippi bayous during the Civil War) and 2012 (Rob Curry, modern day adaptation). BBC Television Shakespeare featured the play in 1980. Three operas came out from 1756 (John Christopher Smith), 1986 (Lee Holby) and 2004 (Thomas Adès). Arthur Sullivan made incidental music for the play in 1861, as well as Jean Sibelius in 1926.
- Trilby, ou le Lutin d'Argail, by Charles Nodier (1822): This was made into an opera The Mountain Sylphby John Barnett (1837) and a ballet called La Sylphide, choreographed originally by Filippo Taglioni (1822) and later by August Bournonville (1836).
- ElvenQuest, BBC Radio 4 (2009-2013): Not to be confused with the comic ElfQuest.
- Hordes of the Things BBC Radio 4 (1980): A parody of Lord of the Rings. Tolkienesque
- Meister Eder und sein Pumuckl, created by Ellis Kaut (1962-1973): A very popular German childrens' series about a man with a kobold friend and/or adopted son. Set in Southern Gemany, based in Munich and featuring local dialect. Pumuckl has made his way to other countries and is known in Asia as Adib. 90 radio episodes were produced. Eleven books were released, the first ten between 1965-1978 and the last one in 1991. 33 LP records were produced since 1969. A feature film was released between 1978-1982, according to Wikipedia, and two more in 1994 and 2003. The original television show was released between 1982-1988 and uses real life and animation blending techniques with Pumuckl as a cartoon with live-action actor Gustl Bayrhammer playing Meister Eder. Another was released between 1995-2007. A television series with 13 episodes was released in 1999. A musical was produced in the year 2000.
- Wormwood Forest, written by Tom Tischner, produced by Marjorie Cooney (1948-1949): A production about talking animals broadcast by WSM in Nashville, Tennessee. Features Dippy Dwarf who runs the Dwarf Waldorf Hotel for all the animals. The radio station is most famous for hosting the Grand Ole Opry, the world-famous country program and the longest-running radio broadcast.
- Akinator, by Elokence.com (2007-present): A web browser game with an AI genie who tries to narrow down which character you are thinking of, typically leading to him being right.
- Ever After High, by Mattel (2013-present): A doll franchise made to accompany the Monster High series which features fairies.
- Hornswoggle: A WWE wrestler who performed as Little Bastard, the leprechaun partner of northern Irish wrestler Finlay, in 2006 on Smackdown.
- The Notre Dame leprechaun, 1960, main design by Theodore W. Drake in 1964: The mascot for the University of Notre Dame's athletics department. He used to have a bottle of alcohol by his foot. The live event version wields a shillelagh. The leprechaun was first seen with the cheerleaders, the graphic later designed by Drake for $50 in 1964.
- Paboo & Mojies (c. 2012-present): A character franchise held by Daewon Media and Sega Sammy Holdings. The franchise is aimed at preschoolers learning English words and letters. A Korean-Japanese animated show ran between 2012-2013.
- Rainbow Brite , by Hallmark Cards (Created by Vice President of Creative/Licensing Garry Glissmeyer, a team of artists headed by Cheryl Cozad, and writers headed by Editorial Director Dan Drake) (1983-present): A girl named Rainbow Brite lives in a faraway place at the end of the rainbow with a magical unicorn as a friend and her partners the color kids, who manage sprites of their assigned colors. The first series came out between 1984-1987 by Mattel with the main line being dolls but also including books (notably Little Golden Books), comics, stickers and story cassette tapes. A movie called Rainbow Brite and the Star Stealer was created in 1985 and was directed by Bernard Deyriès and Kimio Yabuki, with writing by Howard R. Cohen and Jean Chalopin and voice acting by Bettina; it grossed $4.9 million in the United States. An animated series was released between 1984‑1986. Fakes and bootlegs were also created without a license. The second generation was released between 1996-1997 with the master licensor being the now defunct Up, Up and Away company, and this one was far less prominent. The third generation is more loyal to the original generation and was released between 2003‑2005 with the master toy licensor being the Betesh Group. The fourth generation ran between 2009-2010 with master toy licensor Playmates Inc. and had web episodes released by Animax Entertainment. A three-part animated miniseries was released on the website Feeln in 2014.The fifth generation started in 2015 and is ongoing, with a five-issue comic released by Dynamite Entertainment between 2018-2019. This franchise may be more noticeable in Japan, perhaps because Rainbow Brite is a magical girl. Appears to be from an alternate dimension. There is a blog here for more information.
- Rilu Rilu Fairilu (2015-present): A character franchise by Sanrio, the company that manages Hello Kitty, as well as Sega Sammy Holdings. An anime series ran from 2016-2019.
- Star Fairies, by Tonka: A production of sprite girl dolls from the eighties. Hanna-Barbera made a televised special for them in 1985.